Performic Acid Chemical Properties
- A liquid
- Water Solubility
- miscible with H2O, alcohol, ether; soluble benzene, chloroform [HAW93]
- CAS DataBase Reference
Performic Acid Usage And Synthesis
colorless liquid; solutions are unstable; used in epoxidation and hydroxylation reactions [HAW93]
Peroxyformic acid is used as an epoxidizingagent and in organic synthesis involvingoxidation and hydroxylation reactions.
Performic Acid is used for oxidation, epoxidation and hydroxylation reactions.
Peroxyformic acid is nontoxic. It is a skinand eye irritant. Its irritant action is lesssevere than that of peroxyacetic acid. Thereare no reports on its tumorigenic properties.
Peroxyformic acid is the only oxygen-balanced organic peroxide. Its active oxygen content (25.8%) is greater than that of other
peroxy compounds. It is therefore expected
to undergo extremely violent decomposition.
However, in practice, this compound forms
only in situ and the commercial formulations contain its aqueous or dilute solutions
in organic solvents.
The solutions of peroxyformic acid are shock and heat sensitive and highly reactive and decompose violently when exposed to heat. Dilution with water increases the sensitivity to shock and heat. It is a strong oxidizer and may react violently with readilyoxidizable substances. It may ignite and explodes when mixed with accelerators or flammable substances. Peroxyformic acid at 60% strength can react violently with formaldehyde, benzaldehyde, aniline, powdered aluminum, and lead dioxide (NFPA 1986). Water from a sprinkler system may be used from an explosion-resistant location to fight fire and keep the containers cool. .
A powerful irritant and an oxidizer. A dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat, flame, or reducing materials. Unstable and shock-sensitive. 80% solution is explosive. Extremely dangerous when moved. Violent reaction with carbon, red phosphorus, silicon
The spilled solution of peroxyformic acidshould be absorbed by vermiculite or othernoncombustible absorbent and disposed ofimmediately. Do not use paper, wood, orspark-generating metals for sweeping andhandling. It is destroyed by burning on theground in a remote place using a long torch.Concentrated aqueous solutions in a smallquantity may be diluted with copious quantities of water and flushed down the drain.
- Sodium percarbonate
- ACETYL CYCLOHEXANE SULFONYL PEROXIDE
- Peroxyacetic acid
- TERT-BUTYL PERPHTHALIC ACID
- 2,4-Dichlorobenzoyl peroxide
- Di-sec-butyl peroxydicarbonate
- SUCCINIC ACID PEROXIDE
- BENZOYL PEROXIDE
- Dilauroyl peroxide
- Monoperoxyphthalic acid magnesium salt hexahydrate
- tert-Butyl peroxyacetate
- tert-Butyl peroxyisobutyrate
- Di-n-propyl peroxydicarbonate
- tert-Butyl peroxy-2-ethylhexanoate
- TERT-BUTYLPERMALEIC ACID
- ACETYL PEROXIDE
- tert-Butyl peroxybenzoate
- di-tert-butyl diperoxyphthalate