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CERIUM(III) CHLORIDE

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CERIUM(III) CHLORIDE Basic information

Product Name:
CERIUM(III) CHLORIDE
CAS:
7790-86-5
MF:
CeCl3
MW:
246.48
EINECS:
232-227-8
Mol File:
7790-86-5.mol
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CERIUM(III) CHLORIDE Chemical Properties

Melting point:
848 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
1727 °C
Density 
3.97 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
Flash point:
1727°C
form 
beads
color 
White to Pale Gray
Specific Gravity
3.92
Water Solubility 
Soluble in water, ethanol, acids and acetone.
Sensitive 
Hygroscopic
Merck 
14,1997
Stability:
Stable. Hygroscopic. Incompatible with strong acids, strong oxidizing agents.
InChIKey
VYLVYHXQOHJDJL-UHFFFAOYSA-K
CAS DataBase Reference
7790-86-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA Substance Registry System
Cerium chloride (CeCl3) (7790-86-5)
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Safety Information

Hazard Codes 
Xi
Risk Statements 
36/37/38
Safety Statements 
26-36
RIDADR 
UN 3260 8 / PGIII
WGK Germany 
2
RTECS 
FK5075000
3-10
TSCA 
Yes
HS Code 
28461090
Toxicity
LD50 in mice, guinea pigs (mg/kg): 352, 110 i.p. (Graca)

MSDS

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CERIUM(III) CHLORIDE Usage And Synthesis

Chemical Properties

Cerium(III) chloride is a white powder and is used for incandescent gas mantles, spectrography and polymerization of olefins.
Cerium(III) chloride
Cerium(III) chloride acts as a Lewis acid and used in Friedel-Crafts alkylation and acylation reactions in organic synthesis. It is used as a precursor for the preparation of other cerium salts, such as cerium(III) trifluoromethanesulfonate.
When added to nitrile aldol reactions, diastereoselectivity is enhanced, providing high yields of β-hydroxynitriles.
Cerium Chloride is mainly used as catalyst for petroleum,automobile exhaust catalyst , also used as intermediate compound , also used to make metal Cerium.

Physical properties

White, very fine powder; hexagonal crystal system; heptahydrate is yellow orthogonal crystal and hygroscopic; density of anhydrous salt 3.97 g/cm3; melts at 817°C; vaporizes at 1,727°C; heptahydrate begins to lose water above 90°C and becomes anhydrous at about 230°C; soluble in water and alcohol; hexahydrate has greater solubility in these solvents.

Uses

Incandescent gas mantles, spectrography, preparation of cerium metal, polymerization cat- alyst.

Production Methods

Cerium(III) chloride is prepared by the reaction of hydrochloric acid with a cerium salt, such as cerium hydroxide or carbonate, followed by crystallization;
Ce(OH)3 + 3HCl → CeCl3 + 3H2O
Ce2(CO3)3 + 6HCl → 2CeCl3 + 3CO2 + 3H2O.

Safety Profile

Poison by intravenous, intraperitoneal, and subcutaneous routes. Moderately toxic by ingestion. See also CERIUM COMPOUNDS. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-

CERIUM(III) CHLORIDE Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

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CERIUM(III) CHLORIDESupplierMore

Shanghai Amquar Biological Technology Co., Ltd. Gold
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Shanghai Boyle Chemical Co., Ltd.
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Mr Qiu:021-50182298(Demestic market) Miss Xu:021-50180596(Abroad market)
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J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD.
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Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd.
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INTATRADE GmbH
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+49 3493/605464
Email:
sales@intatrade.de
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