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HAFNIUM CARBIDE

Basic information Description References Safety Related Supplier

HAFNIUM CARBIDE Basic information

Product Name:
HAFNIUM CARBIDE
CAS:
12069-85-1
MF:
CHf
MW:
190.5
EINECS:
235-114-1
Mol File:
12069-85-1.mol
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HAFNIUM CARBIDE Chemical Properties

Melting point:
2930 °C(lit.)
Density 
12.2 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
RTECS 
MG4620000
form 
Powder
color 
Gray
Water Solubility 
it is insoluble in water.
InChIKey
NVDNLVYQHRUYJA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS DataBase Reference
12069-85-1
EPA Substance Registry System
Hafnium carbide (HfC) (12069-85-1)
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Safety Information

RIDADR 
UN3178
WGK Germany 
3
TSCA 
Yes
HazardClass 
4.1
PackingGroup 
III

MSDS

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HAFNIUM CARBIDE Usage And Synthesis

Description

Hafnium carbide (HfC) is a chemical compound of hafnium and carbon, which is one of the most refractory binary compounds known to man with a melting point of approximately 3900 ℃. Hafnium carbide powder is obtained by the reduction of hafnium oxide with carbon at 1800 to 2000℃, in which a long processing time is required to remove all oxygen. It possesses the highest melting point of any known binary alloy, because of which it has a variety of high-temperature applications. It is considered candidates for extremely high-temperature applications such as rocket nozzles and scramjet components. Hafnium carbide can also be used in hard coatings, often applied by processes such as plasma spraying. Besides, HfC structural foams can be fabricated into high temperature components or used as a thermal insulation material. It is also be used in ceramic industry.

References

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hafnium(IV)_carbide
http://www.azom.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=2292
https://www.science.gov/topicpages/h/hafnium+carbides.html

Chemical Properties

dark, gray, brittle solid; fcc, a=0.4640 nm; high cross section for absorption of thermal neutrons; resistivity 8.8μohm· cm; most refractory binary material known; hardness 2300kgf/mm2; used in control rods of nuclear reactors; can be prepared by heating HfO2 with lampblack under H2 at 1900°C–2300°C; used in crucible form for melting hafnium oxide, other oxides [KIR80] [HAW93] [CER91]

Uses

It is an ideal metal in the manufacture of control rods for nuclear reactors.

Uses

Used for preparation of ultra-high temperature ceramics 1 Reactant in synthesis of hafnium-containing organometallic polymers 2 Additive in alloys 3 Used in coatings 4

Uses

Hafnium carbide (HfC) with a melting point over 3890°C is a refractory binary compound. HfC and NbC can also be used as refractory coatings in nuclear reactors. The mixed carbide Ta4HfC5 possesses the highest melting point of any currently known compound at 4215°C.

Production Methods

Hafnium carbide is a dark gray, brittle solid. It can be prepared by heating a mixture of the elements or by reacting hafnium tetrachloride with methane at 2100 C. Sufficient quantities of hafnium oxide or hafnium metal sponge are obtained during the large-scale production of pure zirconium for nuclear reactors. On an industrial scale, hafnium carbide can be produced from the hydrided hafnium sponge at 1500–1700 ℃ or from hafnium oxide at 2000–2200 ℃ by carburization in vacuo in the presence of hydrogen. The resulting carbide contains almost the theoretical quantity of carbon (6.30% °C) and a maximum of 0.1% free carbon (219). The hafnium carbide obtained is not a true stoichiometric compound as much as a solution of carbon at specific interstitial sites of a face-centered cubic hafnium lattice.
Hafnium carbide is inert to most reagents at room temperature but is dissolved by hydrofluoric acid solutions. Hafnium carbide reacts exothermally with halogens at 250–500 ℃to form hafnium tetrahalide, and to form hafnium oxide with oxygen above 500℃. In the presence of hydrogen, hafnium carbide slowly loses some of its carbon at higher temperatures.

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HAFNIUM CARBIDESupplierMore

Forsman Scientific ( Beijing ) Co., Ltd. Gold
Tel:
10-64646565
Email:
info@forsman.com.cn
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd.
Tel:
21-61259100-
Email:
sh@meryer.com
3B Pharmachem (Wuhan) International Co.,Ltd.
Tel:
821-50328103-801
Email:
3bsc@sina.com
Alfa Aesar
Tel:
400-610-6006; 021-67582000
Email:
saleschina@alfa-asia.com
BeiJing Hwrk Chemicals Limted
Tel:
010-57411839-
Email:
bjsales@hwrkchemical.com
Basic information Description References Safety Related Supplier