N-Methyl-4-nitroaniline Chemical Properties
- Melting point:
- 149-151 °C(lit.)
- Boiling point:
- 294.61°C (rough estimate)
- vapor density
- 5.25 (vs air)
- refractive index
- 1.6276 (estimate)
- Water Solubility
- <0.1 g/100 mL at 19 ºC
- Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
- CAS DataBase Reference
- 100-15-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
- NIST Chemistry Reference
- Benzenamine, N-methyl-4-nitro-(100-15-2)
- EPA Substance Registry System
- N-Methyl-p-nitroaniline (100-15-2)
N-Methyl-4-nitroaniline Usage And Synthesis
N-methyl-4-nitroaniline is a stabilizer for gunpowder, a desensitizing agent for molten cast explosive TNAZ, a widely used organic intermediate, and N-methyl-4-nitroaniline can be used as a reference substance by its polarizing properties.
N-methyl-4-nitroaniline is an attractive candidate for its appealing capability to retain the nitrogen oxides, good thermal stability, and facile synthesis from abundant and inexpensive starting materials.
N-Methyl-4-nitroaniline is used as an additive to lower the melting temperature of energetic materials in the synthesis of insensitive explosives. Although the biotransformation of N-Methyl-4-nitroaniline under anaerobic condition has been reported, its aerobic microbial degradation has not been documented yet. A soil microcosms study showed the efficient aerobic degradation of N-Methyl-4-nitroaniline by the inhabitant soil microorganisms.
brownish-yellow crystalline powder
Brownish-yellow prisms with violet reflex (from ethanol) or yellow powder.
Air & Water Reactions
N-Methyl-4-nitroaniline may be sensitive to prolonged exposure to air. Insoluble in water.
N-Methyl-4-nitroaniline has a vigorous exothermic reaction with carbaryl sulfate when heated above 167° F.
Flash point data for N-Methyl-4-nitroaniline are not available; however, N-Methyl-4-nitroaniline is probably combustible.
Crystallise the aniline from aqueous EtOH. [Beilstein 12 H 714.]
N-Methyl-4-nitroaniline Preparation Products And Raw materials
- NITROGEN DIOXIDE
- Tribenuron methyl
- METSULFURON METHYL
- Methyl salicylate
- 3,3',5,5'-Tetramethylbenzidine dihydrochloride
- 18866891188 0531-88803958-
- 400-666-7788 010-82848833-
- 400-660-8290 21-61259100-
- 18930552037 821-50328103-801