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BARIUM BROMIDE

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BARIUM BROMIDE Basic information

Product Name:
BARIUM BROMIDE
CAS:
10553-31-8
MF:
BaBr2
MW:
297.14
EINECS:
234-140-0
Mol File:
10553-31-8.mol
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BARIUM BROMIDE Chemical Properties

Melting point:
850 °C
Boiling point:
1835°C
Density 
4,781 g/cm3
form 
beads
color 
White
Specific Gravity
4.781
Water Solubility 
Soluble in water
Sensitive 
Hygroscopic
Merck 
14,968
Stability:
Stable.
CAS DataBase Reference
10553-31-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA Substance Registry System
Barium bromide (BaBr2) (10553-31-8)
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Safety Information

Hazard Codes 
Xn
Risk Statements 
20/22
Safety Statements 
28
RIDADR 
UN 1564 6.1/PG 2
WGK Germany 
1
TSCA 
Yes
HazardClass 
6.1
PackingGroup 
III
HS Code 
28275900

MSDS

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BARIUM BROMIDE Usage And Synthesis

Description

Barium bromide has the molecular formula of BaBr2. Like barium chloride, it is soluble in water but is toxic if ingested. BaBr2 crystallizes in a PbCl2 motif, as white orthorhombic crystals that are deliquescent. In aqueous solution, BaBr2 behaves as a simple salt.
Barium bromide can be crystallized from its solution as a dihydrate, BaBr2·2H2O (molecular weight: 333.19), which forms the anhydrate by heating to 120°C. It dissolves in its own water-of-hydration at 75°C before decomposing to the anhydrate.

Chemical Properties

White Crysatalline Powder

Physical properties

White orthorhombic crystal; density of anhydrous BaCl2 4.78 g/cm3, and dihydrate BaCl2 ? 2H2O 3.58 g/cm3; melts at 857°C; vaporizes at 1,835°C; readily dissolves in water (92.2 g/100 g water at 0°C).

Uses

Barium bromide is a precursor to chemicals used in photography as well as to form other bromides.Historically, barium bromide was used to purify radium in a process of fractional crystallization devised by Marie Curie. Since radium precipitates preferentially in a solution of barium bromide, the ratio of radium to barium in the precipitate was found to be higher than the ratio in the solution.

Uses

In the manufacture of other bromides; in the preparation of phosphors.

Preparation

Barium bromide can be prepared from barium sulfide or barium carbonate by reaction with hydrobromic acid to give hydrated barium bromide:
BaS+HBr→BaBr2+H2S
BaCO3+HBr→BaBr2+CO2+H2O

Hazard

Ingestion of the salt or its aqueous solution can produce severe poisoning.

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