TOLUALDEHYDES Usage And Synthesis
Colorless liquid. Slightly soluble inwater; soluble in alcohol and ether. There are also oand misomers. Combustible.
Tolualdehydes, mixed o-, m-, p-, have a sweet and herbaceous odor reminiscent of bitter almond.
Reported found in roasted nuts, tomato, cooked beef, beef fat, cider, coffee, tea and elderberry juice.
Perfumes, pharmaceutical and dyestuff intermediate, flavoring agent.
By oxidation of o-, m-, or p-xylene (chemical or electrolytical oxidation).
Taste threshold values
Taste characteristics at 15 ppm: cherry pit, coumarin, almond, sweet, with a slight powdery hay and vanillalike nuance.
Aromatic aldehydes are oxidized in vivo almost entirely to the corresponding acid. Thus, in rabbits, p-tolualdehyde is converted to p-toluic acid which has been detected in the urine as the ester glucuronide (Williams, 1959). p-Tolualdehyde was oxidized to p-toluic acid by resting cells of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Omori & Yamada, 1970). Perillaldehyde dehydrogenase, isolated from a soil pseudomonad, catalysed the oxidation of m- and p-tolualdehyde but not of o-tolualdehyde (Ballal, Bhattacharyya & Rangachari, 1967). The reduction of p-tolualdehyde by NADH was catalysed by horse-liver alcohol dehydrogenase (Blomquist, 1966) and by yeast alcohol dehydrogenase at pH 8.5-9.5 (Klinman, 1975). A non-specific NADPH-linked aldehyde reductase isolated from various areas of bovine brain also catalysed the reduction of p-tolualdehyde (Tabakoff & Erwin, 1970).
- 1,1,3,3-TETRAMETHYLBUTYL ISOCYANIDE
- COBALT ETHYLENE DIAMINE CHLORIDE
- Ethyl isocyanoacetate
- Cupric acetylacetonate
- Ferric acetylacetonate
- Aluminum acetylacetonate
- TERT-BUTYL ISOCYANIDE
- Tosylmethyl isocyanide
- BENZYL ISOCYANIDE
- METHYL ISOCYANOACETATE
- 2,4-PENTANEDIONE, SILVER DERIVATIVE