Lactonitrile

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Lactonitrile Basic information

Product Name:
Lactonitrile
CAS:
78-97-7
MF:
C3H5NO
MW:
71.08
EINECS:
201-163-2
Mol File:
78-97-7.mol
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Lactonitrile Chemical Properties

Melting point:
-40.15°C
Boiling point:
90 °C17 mm Hg(lit.)
Density 
0.991 g/mL at 20 °C(lit.)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.404
Flash point:
77 °C
pka
11.38±0.20(Predicted)
BRN 
605366
CAS DataBase Reference
78-97-7(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Propanenitrile, 2-hydroxy-(78-97-7)
EPA Substance Registry System
Lactonitrile (78-97-7)
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Safety Information

Hazard Codes 
T+,T
Risk Statements 
23/25-27-25-20
Safety Statements 
13-36/37/39-45-23-36/37-28
RIDADR 
UN 3276 6.1/PG 1
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
OD8225000
HazardClass 
6.1(a)
PackingGroup 
II
Hazardous Substances Data
78-97-7(Hazardous Substances Data)

MSDS

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Lactonitrile Usage And Synthesis

Uses

It is used primarily as a solvent, and as an intermediate in production of ethyl acetate and lactic acid.

Production Methods

Lactonitrile is derived from acetaldehyde and hydrocyanic acid.

General Description

Straw colored liquid. Used as a solvent /intermediate in production of ethyl lactate and lactic acid.

Air & Water Reactions

Water soluble.

Reactivity Profile

Lactonitrile is incompatible with strong acids, strong bases and strong reducing agents. Lactonitrile is also incompatible with strong oxidizers. In the presence of alkali, Lactonitrile evolves toxic compounds. .

Health Hazard

Extremely toxic by oral, skin, or eye contact.

Fire Hazard

Cyanide fumes released when heated to decomposition. Avoid alkali, oxidizing material.

Lactonitrile Preparation Products And Raw materials

Preparation Products

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