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1,3-Dichloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin

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1,3-Dichloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin Basic information

Product Name:
1,3-Dichloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin
CAS:
118-52-5
MF:
C5H6Cl2N2O2
MW:
197.02
EINECS:
204-258-7
Mol File:
118-52-5.mol
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1,3-Dichloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin Chemical Properties

Melting point:
132-134 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
214.7±23.0 °C(Predicted)
Density 
1,5 g/cm3
refractive index 
1.5720 (estimate)
Flash point:
171 °C
storage temp. 
Store below +30°C.
solubility 
water: soluble0.21% at 25°C(lit.)
form 
Crystalline Powder
pka
-3.44±0.40(Predicted)
color 
White
PH
4.4 (H2O)(HSDB)
Water Solubility 
0.21 g/100 mL (25 ºC)
Sensitive 
Moisture Sensitive
Merck 
14,3065
Sublimation 
100 ºC
BRN 
146013
Exposure limits
NIOSH REL: TWA 0.2, STEL 0.4, IDLH 5; OSHA PEL: TWA 0.2, STEL/C 0.4 (adopted).
Stability:
Stable, but a strong oxidizer - contact with combustible material may lead to fire. Incompatible with reducing agents, acids, strong bases. Moisture sensitive.
InChIKey
KEQGZUUPPQEDPF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS DataBase Reference
118-52-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA Substance Registry System
1,3-Dichloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin (118-52-5)
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Safety Information

Hazard Codes 
Xn,C,O,N
Risk Statements 
22-36/37/38-34-8-50-43-31-20/21/22
Safety Statements 
26-36-45-36/37/39-17-61
RIDADR 
UN 1479 5.1/PG 2
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
MU0700000
TSCA 
Yes
HazardClass 
5.1
PackingGroup 
II
HS Code 
29332100
Hazardous Substances Data
118-52-5(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity
LD50 oral in rabbit: 1520mg/kg

MSDS

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1,3-Dichloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin Usage And Synthesis

Chemical Properties

DCDMH is a combustible, white powder. Chlorine-like odor.

Physical properties

White powder or four-sided crystals from chloroform with a chlorine-like odor. Aqueous solutions are acidic.

Uses

Dantoin(R) DCDMH is an industrial bleaching agent based on dimethyl hydantoin. This product finds application wherever solid bleach is desired.

Uses

Dantoin(R) DCDMH LD (low dust) is an industrial bleaching agent based on dimethyl hydantoin. This product finds application wherever solid bleach is desired.

Definition

Methionine hydroxy analog c. 90%.

General Description

White powder with a weak chlorine odor. Conflagrates at 414°F (turns brown). Chlorine gas evolves > 410°F.

Air & Water Reactions

Sensitive to exposure to light, air, and moisture. Reacts with water or steam to produce toxic and corrosive fumes.

Reactivity Profile

1,3-Dichloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin reacts violently with xylene. 1,3-Dichloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin is incompatible with strong acids, easily oxidized materials, ammonia salts and sulfides. 1,3-Dichloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin will react with water or steam to produce toxic and corrosive fumes. At a pH of 9, 1,3-Dichloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin decomposes completely.

Fire Hazard

Flash point data for 1,3-Dichloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin are not available. 1,3-Dichloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin is probably combustible.

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by ingestion. Mildly toxic by inhalation. A severe slun irritant. Mutation data reported. Avoid excessive contact because of effects of active chlorine on skin. Some of the hydantoins are central nervous system depressants. Mixtures with xylene may explode. Wdl react with water or steam to produce toxic and corrosive fumes. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl and NOx. See also CHLORIDES.

Potential Exposure

It is used as a chlorinating agent, disinfectant, biocide, and laundry bleach. It is also used as a polymerization catalyst in making vinyl chloride; and in drug and pesticide synthesis.

Environmental Fate

Chemical/Physical. Reacts with water (pH 7.0) releasing hypochlorous acid. At pH 9, nitrogen chloride is formed (Windholz et al., 1983).

Shipping

UN1479 Oxidizing solid, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 5.1; Labels: 5.1-Oxidizer, Technical Name Required

Purification Methods

Purify it by dissolving in conc H2SO4 and diluting with ice H2O, collect the solid, dry it in a vacuum and recrystallise it from CHCl3. It sublimes at 100o in a vacuum. It exhibits time-dependent hydrolysis at pH 9. [Petterson & Grzeskowiak J Org Chem 24 1414 1959, Beilstein 24 III/IV 1100.]

Incompatibilities

A strong oxidizer. Contact with water forms poisonous and corrosive gases. Mixtures with xylene may explode. Not compatible with moisture (especially hot water, steam), strong acids; easily oxidized materials (such as ammonia salts; sulfides, etc.); reducing agents; strong bases; ammonium salts; sulfides. Compounds of the carboxyl group react with all bases, both inorganic and organic (i.e., amines) releasing substantial heat, water and a salt that may be harmful. Incompatible with arsenic compounds (releases hydrogen cyanide gas), diazo compounds, dithiocarbamates, isocyanates, mercaptans, nitrides, and sulfides (releasing heat, toxic and possibly flammable gases), thiosulfates and dithionites (releasing hydrogen sulfate and oxides of sulfur)

Waste Disposal

Incineration (815.5C/816C, 0.5 second for primary combustion; 104.4C/220F, 1.0 second for secondary combustion). The formation of elemental chlorine can be prevented by injection of steam or methane into the combustion process. Any nitrogen oxides may be abated by the use of thermal or catalytic devices

1,3-Dichloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

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1,3-Dichloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoinSupplierMore

Hubei XinghengKang Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. Gold
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027-88878869-
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Weifang Kaihong Chemical Limited
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J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD.
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010-82848833- ;010-82848833-
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3B Pharmachem (Wuhan) International Co.,Ltd.
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821-50328103-801
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3bsc@sina.com
future industrial shanghai co., ltd
Tel:
400-0066-400;021-60496031
Email:
sales@jonln.com;sales@jonln.com
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