Baicalin Chemical Properties
- Melting point:
- 231-233 °C(lit.)
- -85 º (c=1, DMSO)
- Boiling point:
- 836.6±65.0 °C(Predicted)
- 1.737±0.06 g/cm3(Predicted)
- optical activity
- [α]20/D 85°, c = 1 in DMSO
- CAS DataBase Reference
- 21967-41-9(CAS DataBase Reference)
Baicalin Usage And Synthesis
Baicalin, the active compound of the Blue Skullcap, is a type of flavonoid.
Baicalin exhibits anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, anti-angiogenic, anti-oxidant, anti-apoptotic, anti-viral, and antibacterial properties. It could be used for the treatment of autoimmune diseases and several cancers (hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected liver cancer, hepatic cancer, cervical cancer, etc.). It can be used to treat against dengue virus. It is used in preparation of the drug for treating and rescuing ricin poisoning. Due to its anti-apoptotic effect which can protect PC-12 cells from oxidative stress, baicalin can be used for reducing stress and helping to promote healthy sleep cycles.
 Ehsan Moghaddam, Boon-Teong Teoh, Sing-Sin Sam, Rafidah Lani, Pouya Hassandarvish, Zamri Chik, Andrew Yueh, Sazaly Abubakar, Keivan Zandi (2014) Baicalin, a metabolite of baicalein with antiviral activity against dengue virus, Scientific Reports, 4, 5452
 Yuan Zhang, Xing Li, Bogoljub Ciric, Cun-Gen Ma, Bruno Gran, Abdolmohamad Rostami, Guang-Xian Zhang (2015) Therapeutic effect of baicalin on experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis is mediated by SOCS3 regulatory pathway, Scientific Reports, 5, 17407
 Patent US 20160361334 A1: Application of baicalin in preparation of drug for treating ricin poisoning
Light yellow powder
diuretic, prolyl endopeptidase inhibitor, antineoplastic
ChEBI: The glycosyloxyflavone which is the 7-O-glucuronide of baicalein.
This baicalein glucuronide (FW = 446.36 g/mol; CAS 21967-41-9), also known as 5,6-dihydroxy-4-oxygen-2-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-7-b-D glucopyranose acid, is a flavone prodrug found in the Chinese medicinal herb Huang-chin (Scutellaria baicalensis) that is hydrolyzed to baicalein (See Baicalein). Baicalin is a slow, tight-binding inhibitor of Jack Bean urease, rapidly forming initial BA-urease complex (Ki = 3.9 × 10–3 M) that slowly isomerizes to the final complex (overall inhibition constant of Ki* = 0.15 × 10 μM. Inhibition can be reversed by dithiothreitol but not dilution of substrate. Baicalin also inhibits prolyl oligopeptidase, a cytosolic serine peptidase that hydrolyzes proline-containing peptides at the carboxy terminus of proline residues and is associated with schizophrenia, bipolar affective disorder, and related neuropsychiatric disorders. (See Pramiracetam)
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