MAGNESIUM CHLORATE Chemical Properties
- Melting point:
- ~35℃ [MER06]
- 1.80 [MER06]
- Water Solubility
- mol/100mol H2O: 10.73 (0°C), 13.52 (25°C), 26.38 (93°C); solid phase Mg(ClO3)2 · 6H2O (0°C, 25°C), Mg(ClO3)2 · 2H2O (93°C) [KRU93]
- EPA Substance Registry System
- Magnesium chlorate (10326-21-3)
MAGNESIUM CHLORATE Usage And Synthesis
White powder; bitter taste. Very hygroscopic. Soluble in water; slightly soluble in alcohol.
Magnesium chlorate is white crystalline solid.
Magnesium chlorate is a powerful oxidizer. There is an explosive reaction with copper(I) sulfide, an incandescent reaction with antimony(III) sulfide, arsenic(III) sulfide, tin(II) sulfide, and tin(IV) sulfide. This salt is incompatible with Al, As, C, Cu, MnO2, organic matter, organic acids, phosphorus or sulfur. Mixtures with ammonium salts, with powdered metals, silicon, sulfur, or sulfides are readily ignited and potentially unstable, even at room temperature. A combination of finely divided aluminum and magnesium chlorate can explode by heat, percussion, or friction. Magnesium chlorate is readily available commercially.
White deliquescent crystals or powder. Soluble in water and denser than water. Poses a dangerous fire risk when in contact with organic materials or heat. May be irritating to skin, eyes and mucous membranes. Used to make other chemicals.
Air & Water Reactions
Soluble in water.
MAGNESIUM CHLORATE is a powerful oxidizer. Explosive reaction with copper(I) sulfide. Incandescent reaction with antimony(III) sulfide, arsenic(III) sulfide, tin(II) sulfide, tin(IV) sulfide. Incompatible with Al, As, C, Cu, MnO2, organic matter, organic acids, P and S. [Lewis, 3rd Ed . 786] . Mixtures with ammonium salts, with powdered metals, silicon, sulfur, or sulfides are readily ignited and potentially explosive [Bretherick 1979. p. 806]. A combination of finely divided aluminum and MAGNESIUM CHLORATE can explode by heat, percussion, or friction [Mellor 2:310. 1946-47].
Dangerous fire risk in contact with organic materials, strong oxidizing agent.
Inhalation, ingestion or contact (skin, eyes) with vapors or substance may cause severe injury, burns or death. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.
These substances will accelerate burning when involved in a fire. Some may decompose explosively when heated or involved in a fire. May explode from heat or contamination. Some will react explosively with hydrocarbons (fuels). May ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). Containers may explode when heated. Runoff may create fire or explosion hazard.
Used as a drying agent and defoliant
UN2723 Magnesium chlorate. Hazard Class: 5.1; Labels: 5.1-Oxidizer, Technical Name Required
A strong oxidizer. Potentially explosive. Violent reactions with arsenic, carbon, charcoal, copper, phosphorus, sulfur, magnesium oxide; metal sulfides (copper sulfide, arsenic sulfide, tin sulfide; fuels, and strong acids. Reacts with moisture
MAGNESIUM CHLORATE Preparation Products And Raw materials
- BERYLLIUM CHLORATE
- magnesium hypochlorite
- Dihypochlorous acid strontium salt
- Calcium chlorite
- Calcium chlorate
- Bischlorous acid strontium salt
- Magnesium chloride hexahydrate
- SILVER CHLORATE
- Magnesium fluoride
- Lithium sulfate
- MAGNESIUM ALUMINATE
- MAGNESIUM CHLORATE, DIHYDRATE
- MAGNESIUM CHLORATE, HEXAHYDRATE
- MAGNESIUM PERCHLORATE HYDRATE
- MAGNESIUM PERCHLORATE DIHYDRATE
- Magnesium perchlorate
- MAGNESIUM CHLORATE
- MAGNESIUM PERCHLORATE HEXAHYDRATE