Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose
Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose Chemical Properties
- Melting point:
- 274 °C (dec.)
- 1,6 g/cm3
- 2239 | CARBOXYMETHYLCELLULOSE
- storage temp.
- room temp
- H2O: 20 mg/mL, soluble
- 4.30(at 25℃)
- low viscosity
- White to light yellow
- pH (10g/l, 25℃) 6.0～8.0
- PH Range
- 6.5 - 8.5
- Water Solubility
- Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
- EPA Substance Registry System
- Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (9004-32-4)
- Language:EnglishProvider:Carboxymethyl cellulose
Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose Usage And Synthesis
Carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) is tackifier, at room temperature, it is non-toxic tasteless white flocculent powder, it is stable and soluble in water, aqueous solution is neutral or alkaline transparent viscous liquid, it is soluble in other water-soluble gums and resins, it is insoluble in organic solvents such as ethanol. Carboxymethyl cellulose is the substituted product of cellulosic carboxymethyl group. According to their molecular weight or degree of substitution, it can be completely dissolved or insoluble polymer, the latter can be used as the weak acid cation of exchanger to separate neutral or basic proteins.
Carboxymethyl cellulose can form highly viscous colloidal solution with adhesive, thickening, flowing, emulsifying, shaping, water, protective colloid, film forming, acid, salt, suspensions and other characteristics, and it is physiologically harmless, so it is widely used in the food, pharmaceutical, cosmetic, oil, paper, textiles, construction and other areas of production.
It is used in cigarette adhesive, fabric sizing, footwear paste meal, home slimy. It is used in interior painting architectural, building lines melamine, thickening mortar, concrete enhancement. It is used in refractory fiber, ceramic production molding bond. It is used in oil drilling, exploration address slurry thickening, reducing water loss, quality paper surface sizing. It can be used as soap and washing powder detergent active additives, as well as other industrial production on the dispersion, emulsification, stability, suspension, film, paper, polishing and the like. Quality product can be used for toothpaste, medicine, food and other industrial sectors.
CMC can significantly increase the viscosity of the solution as thickener, dispersion, emulsification, suspension, protective colloid and so on when it is dissolved in water, and it is physiologically harmless, it is widely used in the food, pharmaceutical, cosmetic, oil, paper, textiles, construction and other areas of production.
Use warm water or cold water when preparing the solution, and stir till it completely melts. The amout of added water depends on variety and the use of multiple requirements.
High viscosity sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (HV-CMC) is a white or slightly yellow fibrous powder, hygroscopic, odorless, tasteless, non-toxic, easy to ferment, insoluble in acids, alcohols and organic solvents, easily dispersed to form colloidal solution in water. It is reacted by the acid and fibrous cotton, it is mainly used for water-based drilling fluids tackifier, it has certain role of fluid loss, it has strong salt and temperature resistance especially.
Carboxymethylcellulose sodium occurs as a white to almost white, odorless, tasteless, granular powder. It is hygroscopic after drying.
cellulose gum (Carboxymethyl cellulose) is a thickener, binder, and emulsifier equivalent to cellulose fiber. It is resistant to bacterial decomposition and provides a product with uniform viscosity. It can prevent skin moisture loss by forming a film on the skin’s surface, and also help mask odor in a cosmetic product. Constituents are any of several fibrous substances consisting of the chief part of a plant’s cell walls (often extracted from wood pulp or cotton).
In drilling muds, in detergents as a soil-suspending agent, in resin emulsion paints, adhesives, printing inks, textile sizes, as protective colloid in general. As stabilizer in foods. Pharmaceutic aid (suspending agent; tablet excipient; viscosity-increasing agent).
A semisynthetic, water-soluble polymer in which CH 2 COOH groups are substituted on the glucose units of the cellulose chain through an ether link- age. Mw ranges from 21,000 to 500,000. Since the reaction occurs in an alkaline medium, the prod- uct is the sodium salt of the carboxylic acid R-O- CH 2 COONa.
Alkali cellulose is prepared by steeping cellulose obtained from wood pulp or cotton fibers in sodium hydroxide solution. The alkaline cellulose is then reacted with sodium monochloroacetate to produce carboxymethylcellulose sodium. Sodium chloride and sodium glycolate are obtained as by-products of this etherification.
Celluvisc (Allergan); Refresh Plus, Cellufresh Formula (Allergan).
Carboxymethylcellulose sodium is widely used in oral and topical
pharmaceutical formulations, primarily for its viscosity-increasing
properties. Viscous aqueous solutions are used to suspend powders
intended for either topical application or oral and parenteral
administration. Carboxymethylcellulose sodium may also be
used as a tablet binder and disintegrant, and to stabilize
Higher concentrations, usually 3–6%, of the medium-viscosity grade are used to produce gels that can be used as the base for applications and pastes; glycols are often included in such gels to prevent them drying out. Carboxymethylcellulose sodium is also used in self-adhesive ostomy, wound care, and dermatological patches as a muco-adhesive and to absorb wound exudate or transepidermal water and sweat. This muco-adhesive property is used in products designed to prevent post-surgical tissue adhesions; and to localize and modify the release kinetics of active ingredients applied to mucous membranes; and for bone repair. Encapsulation with carboxymethylcellulose sodium can affect drug protection and delivery. There have also been reports of its use as a cyto-protective agent.
Carboxymethylcellulose sodium is also used in cosmetics, toiletries, surgical prosthetics, and incontinence, personal hygiene, and food products.
Mildly toxic by ingestion. Experimental reproductive effects. Questionable carcinogen with experimental neoplastigenic data. It migrates to food from packagmg materials. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of NazO. See also POLYMERS, SOLUBLE.
Carboxymethylcellulose sodium is used in oral, topical, and some
parenteral formulations. It is also widely used in cosmetics,
toiletries, and food products, and is generally regarded as a
nontoxic and nonirritant material. However, oral consumption of
large amounts of carboxymethylcellulose sodium can have a
laxative effect; therapeutically, 4–10 g in daily divided doses of the
medium- and high-viscosity grades of carboxymethylcellulose
sodium have been used as bulk laxatives.
The WHO has not specified an acceptable daily intake for carboxymethylcellulose sodium as a food additive since the levels necessary to achieve a desired effect were not considered to be a hazard to health. However, in animal studies, subcutaneous administration of carboxymethylcellulose sodium has been found to cause inflammation, and in some cases of repeated injection fibrosarcomas have been found at the site of injection.
Hypersensitivity and anaphylactic reactions have occurred in cattle and horses, which have been attributed to carboxymethylcellulose sodium in parenteral formulations such as vaccines and penicillins.
LD50 (guinea pig, oral): 16 g/kg
LD50 (rat, oral): 27 g/kg
Carboxymethylcellulose sodium is a stable, though hygroscopic
material. Under high-humidity conditions, carboxymethylcellulose
sodium can absorb a large quantity (>50%) of water. In tablets, this
has been associated with a decrease in tablet hardness and an
increase in disintegration time.
Aqueous solutions are stable at pH 2–10; precipitation can occur below pH 2, and solution viscosity decreases rapidly above pH 10. Generally, solutions exhibit maximum viscosity and stability at pH 7–9.
Carboxymethylcellulose sodium may be sterilized in the dry state by maintaining it at a temperature of 1608℃ for 1 hour. However, this process results in a significant decrease in viscosity and some deterioration in the properties of solutions prepared from the sterilized material.
Aqueous solutions may similarly be sterilized by heating, although this also results in some reduction in viscosity. After autoclaving, viscosity is reduced by about 25%, but this reduction is less marked than for solutions prepared from material sterilized in the dry state. The extent of the reduction is dependent on the molecular weight and degree of substitution; higher molecular weight grades generally undergo a greater percentage reduction in viscosity. Sterilization of solutions by gamma irradiation also results in a reduction in viscosity.
Aqueous solutions stored for prolonged periods should contain an antimicrobial preservative.
The bulk material should be stored in a well-closed container in a cool, dry place.
Dialyse it for 48hours against distilled water and freeze-dry if a solid is required.
Carboxymethylcellulose sodium is incompatible with strongly
acidic solutions and with the soluble salts of iron and some other
metals, such as aluminum, mercury, and zinc. It is also incompatible
with xanthan gum. Precipitation may occur at pH < 2, and also
when it is mixed with ethanol (95%).
Carboxymethylcellulose sodium forms complex coacervates with gelatin and pectin. It also forms a complex with collagen and is capable of precipitating certain positively charged proteins.
GRAS listed. Accepted as a food additive in Europe. Included in the FDA Inactive Ingredients Database (dental preparations; intraarticular, intrabursal, intradermal, intralesional, and intrasynovial injections; oral drops, solutions, suspensions, syrups and tablets; topical preparations). Included in nonparenteral medicines licensed in the UK. Included in the Canadian List of Acceptable Nonmedicinal Ingredients.
Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose Preparation Products And Raw materials
- Xanthan gum
- Poly(vinyl alcohol)
- Ethyl isocyanoacetate
- TERT-BUTYL ISOCYANIDE
- Tosylmethyl isocyanide
- BENZYL ISOCYANIDE
- METHYL ISOCYANOACETATE
- 1,1,3,3-TETRAMETHYLBUTYL ISOCYANIDE
- Sodium benzoate
- Sodium chloride
- Ethyl cellulose
- Diclofenac sodium
- Sodium formate
- CARBOXYMETHYLCELLULOSE CALCIUM (1.5 G) (AS)
- Sodium hydroxide
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