Sodium perchlorate Chemical Properties
- Melting point:
- 482 °C
- Boiling point:
- decomposes [HAW93]
- 2,2 g/cm3
- storage temp.
- Store at room temperature.
- water: soluble2096g/L at 20°C
- Specific Gravity
- 6.0-8.0 (25℃, 5%)
- Water Solubility
- 209 G/100 ML (15 ºC)
- Unstable. Strong oxidizer. Contact with combustible materials can cause fire. Shock sensitive and potentially explosive. Incompatible with a wide range of materials, including organics and other combustibles, powdered metals, acids, reducing agents. Very hygroscopic. Heat sensitive.
- CAS DataBase Reference
- 7601-89-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
- NIST Chemistry Reference
- Sodium perchlorate(7601-89-0)
- EPA Substance Registry System
- Perchloric acid, sodium salt (1:1) (7601-89-0)
- Hazard Codes
- Risk Statements
- Safety Statements
- UN 1502 5.1/PG 2
- WGK Germany
- HS Code
- Hazardous Substances Data
- 7601-89-0(Hazardous Substances Data)
- LD50 orl-rat: 2100 mg/kg GTPZAB17(8),33,73
Sodium perchlorate Usage And Synthesis
Sodium perchlorate, NaCl04, is a flammable, white crystalline deliquescent solid that melts at 482 °C(899.6 °F). Soluble in water and alcohol, it is used as an analytical reagent. Sodium perchlorate is explosive in nature when in contact with concentrated sulfuric acid and finds use in explosives and jet fuels.
It is used in electrolyte; oxidimetric standard.
A chaotropic agent used in DNA extraction and hybridization
ChEBI: An inorganic sodium salt comprising equal numbers of sodium and perchlorate ions.
White crystalline solid. Noncombustible but will accelerate the burning of combustible materials. If large quantities are involved in a fire or the combustible material is finely divided, an explosion may result. Prolonged exposure to fire or heat may result in an explosion. Used in chemical analysis and in explosives.
Air & Water Reactions
Sodium perchlorate is a strong oxidizing agent. Explosively decomposed at over 130°C [Merck 11th ed. 1989]. A mixture with powdered magnesium is a friction-sensitive mixture [Safety Eng. Reports 1947]. A mixture with ammonium nitrate is used as an explosive [Mellor 2 Supp. 1:608 1956]. A 1:1 mixture of the perchlorate and hydrazine exploded upon grinding, [Chem. Abs., 1969, 70, 53524].
Dangerous fire and explosion risk in contact with organic materials and sulfuric acid.
Inhalation, ingestion or contact (skin, eyes) with vapors or substance may cause severe injury, burns or death. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.
These substances will accelerate burning when involved in a fire. Some may decompose explosively when heated or involved in a fire. May explode from heat or contamination. Some will react explosively with hydrocarbons (fuels). May ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). Containers may explode when heated. Runoff may create fire or explosion hazard.
Moderately toxic by ingestion and intraperitoneal routes. A powerful oxidizer. Forms explosive mixture with acetone, 1,3-butylene glycol, 2,3butylene glycol, CaH2, charcoal, daminoethane, dimethyl formamide, ethanolamine, ethylene glycol, formamide, galactose, glycerin, hydrazine, water, NH4NO3, Mg, reducing agents, SrH2, urea. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cland NazO. See also PERCHLORATES.
Because its solubility in water is high (2.1g/mL at 15o) and it has a rather low-temperature coefficient of solubility, sodium perchlorate is usually crystallised from acetone, MeOH, water/ethanol or dioxane/water (33g dissolved
- Sodium chlorate
- Sodium Perchlorate, Anhydrous, Reagent
- Sodium hypochlorite
- CHLORIC ACID
- Chlorite-group minerals
- Chlorine dioxide
- Sodium chlorite
- Sodium perchlorate
- Sodium carbonate
- Sodium gluconate
- COPPER PERCHLORATE
- 1 0 MOL/L PERCHLORIC ACID
- Sodium chloride
- Sodium formate
- Sodium bicarbonate
- Sodium citrate
- Sodium benzoate
- Sodium acetate