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Sodium perchlorate

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Sodium perchlorate Basic information

Product Name:
Sodium perchlorate
CAS:
7601-89-0
MF:
ClNaO4
MW:
122.44037
EINECS:
231-511-9
Mol File:
7601-89-0.mol
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Sodium perchlorate Chemical Properties

Melting point:
482 °C
Boiling point:
decomposes [HAW93]
Density 
2,2 g/cm3
storage temp. 
Store at room temperature.
solubility 
water: soluble2096g/L at 20°C
form 
Liquid
Specific Gravity
2.5
color 
White
PH
6.0-8.0 (25℃, 5%)
Water Solubility 
209 G/100 ML (15 ºC)
Sensitive 
Hygroscopic
Merck 
14,8653
Stability:
Unstable. Strong oxidizer. Contact with combustible materials can cause fire. Shock sensitive and potentially explosive. Incompatible with a wide range of materials, including organics and other combustibles, powdered metals, acids, reducing agents. Very hygroscopic. Heat sensitive.
InChIKey
BAZAXWOYCMUHIX-UHFFFAOYSA-M
CAS DataBase Reference
7601-89-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Sodium perchlorate(7601-89-0)
EPA Substance Registry System
Perchloric acid, sodium salt (1:1) (7601-89-0)
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Safety Information

Hazard Codes 
O,Xn
Risk Statements 
9-22-48/22-36
Safety Statements 
13-22-27
RIDADR 
UN 1502 5.1/PG 2
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
SC9800000
3
TSCA 
Yes
HazardClass 
5.1
PackingGroup 
II
HS Code 
28299000
Hazardous Substances Data
7601-89-0(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity
LD50 orl-rat: 2100 mg/kg GTPZAB17(8),33,73

MSDS

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Sodium perchlorate Usage And Synthesis

Chemical Properties

Sodium perchlorate, NaCl04, is a flammable, white crystalline deliquescent solid that melts at 482 °C(899.6 °F). Soluble in water and alcohol, it is used as an analytical reagent. Sodium perchlorate is explosive in nature when in contact with concentrated sulfuric acid and finds use in explosives and jet fuels.

Uses

It is used in electrolyte; oxidimetric standard.

Uses

A chaotropic agent used in DNA extraction and hybridization

Definition

ChEBI: An inorganic sodium salt comprising equal numbers of sodium and perchlorate ions.

General Description

White crystalline solid. Noncombustible but will accelerate the burning of combustible materials. If large quantities are involved in a fire or the combustible material is finely divided, an explosion may result. Prolonged exposure to fire or heat may result in an explosion. Used in chemical analysis and in explosives.

Air & Water Reactions

Water soluble.

Reactivity Profile

Sodium perchlorate is a strong oxidizing agent. Explosively decomposed at over 130°C [Merck 11th ed. 1989]. A mixture with powdered magnesium is a friction-sensitive mixture [Safety Eng. Reports 1947]. A mixture with ammonium nitrate is used as an explosive [Mellor 2 Supp. 1:608 1956]. A 1:1 mixture of the perchlorate and hydrazine exploded upon grinding, [Chem. Abs., 1969, 70, 53524].

Hazard

Dangerous fire and explosion risk in contact with organic materials and sulfuric acid.

Health Hazard

Inhalation, ingestion or contact (skin, eyes) with vapors or substance may cause severe injury, burns or death. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.

Fire Hazard

These substances will accelerate burning when involved in a fire. Some may decompose explosively when heated or involved in a fire. May explode from heat or contamination. Some will react explosively with hydrocarbons (fuels). May ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). Containers may explode when heated. Runoff may create fire or explosion hazard.

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by ingestion and intraperitoneal routes. A powerful oxidizer. Forms explosive mixture with acetone, 1,3-butylene glycol, 2,3butylene glycol, CaH2, charcoal, daminoethane, dimethyl formamide, ethanolamine, ethylene glycol, formamide, galactose, glycerin, hydrazine, water, NH4NO3, Mg, reducing agents, SrH2, urea. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cland NazO. See also PERCHLORATES.

Purification Methods

Because its solubility in water is high (2.1g/mL at 15o) and it has a rather low-temperature coefficient of solubility, sodium perchlorate is usually crystallised from acetone, MeOH, water/ethanol or dioxane/water (33g dissolved

Sodium perchlorate Preparation Products And Raw materials

Preparation Products

Raw materials

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