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Cupferron

Basic information Analysis reagents Purification method Chemical properties Uses Production method Category Toxicity grading Acute toxicity Irritation data Explosive hazardous properties Flammability hazard characteristics Storage characteristics Extinguishing agent Safety Related Supplier

Cupferron Basic information

Product Name:
Cupferron
CAS:
135-20-6
MF:
C6H9N3O2
MW:
155.15
EINECS:
205-183-2
Mol File:
135-20-6.mol
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Cupferron Chemical Properties

Melting point:
150-155 °C (dec.)(lit.)
Boiling point:
278.95°C (rough estimate)
Density 
1.3092 (rough estimate)
refractive index 
1.6500 (estimate)
storage temp. 
2-8°C
form 
Powder
color 
Needles from water
Water Solubility 
<0.1 g/100 mL at 18.5 ºC
Merck 
14,2622
BRN 
3919107
Stability:
Stable, but may be moisture sensitive. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong bases, strong acids.
InChIKey
GDEBSAWXIHEMNF-UHFFFAOYSA-O
CAS DataBase Reference
135-20-6(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Cupferron(135-20-6)
EPA Substance Registry System
Cupferron (135-20-6)
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Safety Information

Hazard Codes 
T
Risk Statements 
25-36/37/38-40-45-43-23/24/25
Safety Statements 
26-36/37-45-53
RIDADR 
UN 2811 6.1/PG 3
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
NC4725000
TSCA 
Yes
HazardClass 
6.1
PackingGroup 
III
HS Code 
29299090
Hazardous Substances Data
135-20-6(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity
TDLo orl-rat: 123 g/kg/78W-C:CAR NCITR* NCI-CGTR-100,78

MSDS

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Cupferron Usage And Synthesis

Analysis reagents

Cupferron is an important analytical reagent, as Ammonium salt of N-nitroso hydroxylamine, commonly known as cupferron. It is usually white or light yellow bright flake scrystal, with sweet odour, long home to darken due to slow decomposition, but in fact can also be used in the analysis. It is soluble in water, benzene, alcohol, ether. The reagent is thermally decomposed to prepare nitrobenzene. Unstable in light and air, we need to save itin a brown reagent grinding mouth bottle, usually place a small amount of ammonium carbonate in bottle packaged with paper or cloth good as a preservative, store in a sealed dark cool place. It can be used as a precipitating agent and solvent extraction agent of copper, iron, tin, titanium, vanadium, chromium and other elements, as a masking agent for the determination of rare earth.
Nitrobenzene is reduced with zinc powder in an aqueous solution of ammonium chloride to get phenylhydroxylamine, which is then dissolved in ether, lead to excessive ammonia, and addn-butyl nitrite, then get cupferron, can form a stable five-membered ring chelate with metal ions, therefore, it is common organic precipitant. It can quantitatively measure Fe3 + ions in the acid solution, can also be measure Cu2 +, Sn4 +, Ti4 +, Ga3 +, Hf4 +and other ions, and vanadate (VO-3, VO3-3). When Fe3 +, Cu2 + ions mixedwith other metal ions together, the reagent can be used to separate them out. It is a chelating extractant for Al3 +, Au3 +, Be2 +, Co2 +, La3 +, Pu4 + and other ions, a masking agent for rare earth metal ions.
The above information is edited by the chemicalbook of Yan Yanyong.

Purification method

Ddd 30g powdered crude into 120ml60 ℃ water, make it all dissolved, add 2g of powdered activated carbon and stir for 10~15min, filtrate with the calcined Buchner, and cool the filtrate to 10~15 ℃, then cool to 0 ℃ overnight. Suction filtration by using a glass filter to precipitate crystals, wash with 10ml ethanol and then wash with 10ml of ether, and dry in air.
Cupferron can also be recrystallized with ethanol to purify.

Chemical properties

It is white or cream colored flaky crystals. Melting point is 163-164 ℃, it is soluble in water and alcohol.

Uses

1. Cupferron is used for quantitative analysis for aluminum, zinc, copper, iron, gallium, mercury, manganese, niobium, tin, tantalum, thorium, titanium, vanadium, zirconium and other elements
2. It is used as polymerization inhibitor, due to unique polymerization inhibition characteristics of cupferron, also the amount is small, can be used as an alternative of phenol polymerization inhibitor BHT, which is current largely applicated.
3. Cupferron is used for colorimetric determination for the weight of aluminum, bismuth, copper, iron, mercury, zinc, manganese, niobium, gallium, tantalum, thorium, titanium, vanadium, tin and other elements of. It is used for quantitative determination of iron in the strong acid solution, quantitative analysis of vanadate, separation of copper and iron together with the other metals, as a masking agent for measuring rare earths.

Production method

Benzene hydroxylamine ether solution was cooled in an ice bath, lead to an excess of ammonia, while stirring and continue adding the ammonia, solution of n-butyl nitrite was added for about 1h, then stir for 15min. Filter precipitate of cupferron, wash with diethyl ether, dry to get products. The product should be stored in a brown glass bottle, the bottle is placed a small amount of ammonium carbonate wrapped by paper (or cloth) as a stabilizer.

Category

Pesticide

Toxicity grading

highly toxic

Acute toxicity

oral-rat LD 50: 199 mg/kg, intravenous-Mouse LD50: 180 mg/kg

Irritation data

Eye-rabbit 20 mg/24 hours moderate

Explosive hazardous properties

Explosive with thorium salt, zirconium salt or titanium salt solution at room temperature

Flammability hazard characteristics

It produces toxic fumes of nitrogen oxides and ammonia at high temperature.

Storage characteristics

Treasury ventilation, low-temperature drying

Extinguishing agent

Dry powder, foam, sand, carbon dioxide, water mist

Chemical Properties

white to light yellow crystalline powder

Chemical Properties

Cupferron is a creamy-white crystalline compound

Uses

As a reagent for separating Sn from Zn, and Cu and Fe from other metals. Ppts iron quantitatively from strongly acid solution; as a quantitative reagent for vanadates with which it gives a dark-red ppt soluble in alkali solution, and for Ti with which it forms a yellow ppt; also suitable for the colorimetric estimation of Al.

General Description

Light yellow or cream-colored crystals or a brown crystalline solid. As a reagent in the separation of copper and iron.

Air & Water Reactions

Hygroscopic. Soluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

Cupferron may be sensitive to prolonged exposure to air. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong acids and strong bases. Forms unstable solutions with thorium, titanium and zirconium salts.

Fire Hazard

Flash point data for Cupferron are not available; however, Cupferron is probably combustible.

Safety Profile

Confirmed carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic and tumorigenic data. Poison by intravenous route. An eye irritant. Solutions with thorium salts are unstable explosives above 15°C. Solutions with titanium or zirconium salts are unstable explosives above 40℃. When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic NH3 and NOx. See also N-NITROSO COMPOUNDS and AMINES

Potential Exposure

Cupferron is used to separate tin from zinc, and copper and iron from other metals in the laboratory. Cupferron also finds application as a quantitative reagent for vanadates and titanium; and for the colorimetric determination of aluminum. The potential for exposure appears to be greatest for those engaged in analytical or research studies involving use of the chemical. Workers may also be exposed to the compound during manufacturing processes.

Carcinogenicity

Cupferron is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen based on sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity from studies in experimental animals.

Shipping

UN2811 Toxic solids, organic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required.

Purification Methods

Recrystallise it twice from EtOH after treatment with Norite and finally once with EtOH. The crystals are washed with diethyl ether and air dried, then stored in the dark over solid ammonium carbonate. A standard solution (ca 0.05M prepared in air-free H2O) is prepared daily from this material for analytical work and is essentially 100% pure. [Olsen & Elving Anal Chem 26 1747 1954.] It can also be washed with Et2O, dried and stored as stated. In a sealed, dark container it can be stored for at least 12 months without deterioration. 260nm (CHCl3). max [Marvel Org Synth Coll Vol I 177 1941, Elving & Olson J Am Chem Soc 78 4206 1956, Beilstein 16 IV 891.] Possible CARCINOGEN.

Incompatibilities

Forms unstable and possibly explosive compounds with thorium salts; titanium, zirconium.

Cupferron Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

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CupferronSupplierMore

Shanghai Boer Chemical Reagents Co.,Ltd Gold
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+86-21-33050930
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tyu@boerchina.net
Products Intro:
Product Name:Cupferron
CAS:135-20-6
Purity:98.5%-99% Package:1kg/bag, 5kg/bag, 20kg/carton,25kg/carton
Shanghai yongzeng technology co., LTD Gold
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021-65925639-
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Products Intro:
Product Name:N-Hydroxy-N-nitrosobenzenaMine aMMoniuM salt ;Cupferron
CAS:135-20-6
Purity:99% Package:25kg/druM
Shanghai BaiShun Biological Technology Co., Ltd Gold
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021-37581181
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sales@chem-mall.com
Products Intro:
Product Name:Cupferron
CAS:135-20-6
Purity:98% Package:1340.07RMB/500g
Shanghai Bojing Chemical Co., Ltd Gold
Tel:
13681836088
Email:
bj@bj-chem.com
Products Intro:
Product Name:Cupferron
CAS:135-20-6
Purity:98% Package:25KG/230.00;500KG/220.00;
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD.
Tel:
010-82848833- ;010-82848833-
Email:
jkinfo@jkchemical.com;market6@jkchemical.com
Products Intro:
Product Name:Cupferron, 98%, indicator
CAS:135-20-6
Purity:98% Package:100G;25G
Basic information Analysis reagents Purification method Chemical properties Uses Production method Category Toxicity grading Acute toxicity Irritation data Explosive hazardous properties Flammability hazard characteristics Storage characteristics Extinguishing agent Safety Related Supplier