Dilauroyl peroxide Chemical Properties
- Melting point:
- 53-57 °C(lit.)
- Boiling point:
- 441.76°C (rough estimate)
- 0,91 g/cm3
- vapor density
- 13.7 (vs air)
- refractive index
- 1.4460 (estimate)
- storage temp.
- Refrigerator (+4°C)
- Water Solubility
- Soluble in oils and organic solvents. Slightly soluble in alcohol. Insoluble in water.
- CAS DataBase Reference
- 105-74-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
- 3 (Vol. 36, Sup 7, 71) 1999
- EPA Substance Registry System
- Peroxide, bis(1-oxododecyl) (105-74-8)
Dilauroyl peroxide Usage And Synthesis
Dilauroyl peroxide is a tasteless, coarse, white powder . Dilauroyl peroxide is not a deflagration hazard. However, it has been judged an intermediate fire hazard by Noller et al. . When all the physical tests available for this peroxide are evaluated collectively, it actually ranks as a low physical hazard .
Dilauroyl peroxide is produced by reaction of lauroyl chloride with sodium peroxide. Its major use is as an initiator for vinyl chloride. It is used as a polymerization agent in the plastics industry and as a curing agent for rubber. It has also been used as a burnout agent for acetate yarns. The pharmaceutical industry uses it in topical creams in combination with antibiotics for acne treatment .
Lauroyl peroxide is used as an initiatorfor free-radical polymerization in makingpolyvinyl chloride. Lauroyl peroxide constitutesabout 4% of all organic peroxides consumptionin the United States.
A white solid with a faint soapy odor. Less dense than water and insoluble in water. Hence floats on water. Melting point 49°C. Toxic by ingestion and inhalation. Strong skin irritant. Used as bleaching agent, drying agent for fats, oils and waxes, and as a polymerization catalyst.
Air & Water Reactions
Highly flammable. Insoluble in water.
Dilauroyl peroxide is an oxidizing agent. Can ignite organic materials; hence a dangerous fire and explosion risk [Hawley]. Strongly reduced material such as sulfides, nitrides, and hydrides may react explosively. Vigorous reactions with other reducing agents. With charcoal sometimes ignites. [Bretherick, 5th ed., 1995, p. 1194].
Contact with liquid irritates eyes and skin. Ingestion causes irritation of mouth and stomach.
Lauroyl peroxide is a mild eye irritant; theirritation from 500 mg/day in rabbits’ eyeswas mild. It is nontoxic. Prolonged exposureto laboratory animals caused tumors at thesite of application. However, the evidence ofcarcinogenicity in animals is inadequate todate.
Behavior in Fire: Can increase the severity of a fire. Becomes sensitive to shock when hot. Containers may explode in a fire. May ignite or explode spontaneously if mixed with flammable materials.
The International Agency for Research on Cancer has evaluated the carcinogenicity of lauroyl peroxide. They classified it as a Group 3 material, which means there is limited or inadequate evidence for animals and inadequate or absent information for humans . The carcinogenicity of this peroxide has primarily been studied using skin applications. After a single topical application of 10, 20, or 40 mg of lauroyl peroxide, the epidermal thickness increased markedly. This hyperplasia was characterized by a sustained production of dark basal keratinocytes. This peroxide is inactive as a tumor initiator or as a complete carcinogen. However, it is as effective as benzoyl peroxide as a skin tumor promoter.
Store in a well-ventilated, cool area, isolatedfrom other chemicals. It is shippedin fiber drums not exceeding 100 lb. Smallamounts may be shipped in 1-lb fiberboardboxes.
Crystallise it from n-hexane or *benzene and store it below 0o. Potentially EXPLOSIVE. [cf Beilstein 2 IV 1102.]
Although lauroyl peroxide is relatively lesshazardous, it is recommended that to handlespills and disposal, the same safety measuresbe followed as those for other hazardousorganic peroxides.
- Lauric acid
- Peroxyacetic acid
- Dipropionyl peroxide(in solution,content≤27%)
- Performic Acid
- peroxypropionic acid
- ethyl hydroperoxide
- ACETYL PEROXIDE
- Dicumyl peroxide
- Urea hydrogen peroxide
- Sodium lauroylsarcosinate
- Dilauroyl peroxide
- Hydrogen peroxide
- Benzoyl peroxide
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