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Kerosene

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Kerosene Basic information

Product Name:
Kerosene
CAS:
8008-20-6
MF:
N/A
MW:
0
EINECS:
232-366-4
Mol File:
Mol File
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Kerosene Chemical Properties

Melting point:
24-25 °C
Boiling point:
175-325 °C(lit.)
Density 
0.8 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
vapor density 
4.5 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
0.23 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.436
Flash point:
179 °F
storage temp. 
2-8°C
form 
Liquid
color 
Light Yellow
Odor
Characteristic; like fuel oil.
explosive limit
5%
Merck 
14,5294
Stability:
Stable. Flammable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
EPA Substance Registry System
Kerosene (8008-20-6)
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Safety Information

Hazard Codes 
Xn,N,F
Risk Statements 
65-67-62-51/53-48/20-38-11-40
Safety Statements 
23-24-62-61-36/37-16
RIDADR 
1223
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
OA5500000
Autoignition Temperature
442 °F
HazardClass 
3
PackingGroup 
III
HS Code 
27101919
Toxicity
LD50 orally in rabbits: 28 ml/kg (Deichmann)

MSDS

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Kerosene Usage And Synthesis

Chemical Properties

yellow liquid

Chemical Properties

Kerosene is a white to pale yellow, mobile flammable, and combustible liquid. Kerosene (hydrodesulfurized) is a complex combination of hydrocarbons obtained from a petroleum stock by treating with hydrogen to convert organic sulfur to hydrogen sulfide, which is removed. Kerosene generally consists of hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly in the range of C9 through C16 and boiling in the range of approximately 150–290℃ (302–554°F).

Uses

Usually used to store alkali metals and prevent air re-dissolution.

Uses

In kerosene lamps, flares, and stoves; as degreaser and cleaner; Deobase formerly used as a solvent in cosmetics and in fly spray.

Production Methods

Kerosene is produced by direct fractionation of the “middle distillate fraction”. Individual kerosene composition varies widely, but consists mainly of linear and branched aliphatics, olefins, cycloparaffins, and aromatics in the C10–C16 range. For indoor heating fuels it is desirable to remove the olefins, aromatics, and sulfur compounds, because they promote the evolution of soot and sulfur oxides. For some purposes, highly refined or “deodorized” kerosene is manufactured by treatment with activated charcoal or by clay filtration and is generally less toxic than untreated kerosene.

General Description

A clear colorless to light amber liquid with a petroleum odor. Flash point 100°F. Less dense than water and insoluble in water. Vapors are heavier than air.

Air & Water Reactions

Highly flammable. Insoluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

Saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons, contained in Kerosene, may be incompatible with strong oxidizing agents like nitric acid. Charring of the hydrocarbon may occur followed by ignition of unreacted hydrocarbon and other nearby combustibles. In other settings, aliphatic saturated hydrocarbons are mostly unreactive. They are not affected by aqueous solutions of acids, alkalis, most oxidizing agents, and most reducing agents.

Hazard

Moderate fire risk, explosive limits in air 0.7–5.0%. Toxic by inhalation. Questionable carcinogen.

Health Hazard

Vapor causes slight irritation of eyes and nose. Liquid irritates stomach; if taken into lungs, causes coughing, distress, and rapidly developing pulmonary edema.

Chemical Reactivity

Reactivity with Water No reaction; Reactivity with Common Materials: No reactions; Stability During Transport: Stable; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Not pertinent; Polymerization: Not pertinent; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.

Purification Methods

Stir it with conc H2SO4 until a fresh portion of acid remains colourless, then wash with water, dry with solid KOH and distil it in a Claisen flask. For more complete drying, the kerosene can be refluxed with Na, and distilled from Na.

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Shanghai Aladdin Bio-Chem Technology Co.,LTD Gold
Tel:
400-620-6333 021-20337333-801
Email:
market@aladdin-e.com
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD.
Tel:
400-666-7788 010-82848833-
Email:
jkinfo@jkchemical.com;market6@jkchemical.com
Maya High Purity Chemicals
Tel:
+86 (573) 82222445 (0)18006601000 QQ:452520369
Email:
sales@maya-r.com
Spectrum Chemical Manufacturing Corp.
Tel:
18616765336
Email:
marketing_china@spectrumchemical.com;
Chengdu Ai Keda Chemical Technology Co., Ltd.
Tel:
4008-755-333 028-85911938-
Email:
800078821@qq.com
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