Methyl bromoacetate Chemical Properties
- Melting point:
- Boiling point:
- 51-52 °C15 mm Hg(lit.)
- 1.616 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
- vapor pressure
- 18 hPa (50 °C)
- refractive index
- Flash point:
- 145 °F
- storage temp.
- Store at R.T.
- Clear colorless to slightly yellow
- Specific Gravity
- Water Solubility
- Miscible with methanol, ether and acetone. Slightly miscible with water
- CAS DataBase Reference
- 96-32-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
- NIST Chemistry Reference
- Acetic acid, bromo-, methyl ester(96-32-2)
- EPA Substance Registry System
- Acetic acid, bromo-, methyl ester (96-32-2)
Methyl bromoacetate Usage And Synthesis
Methyl bromoacetate was used in the synthesis of novel coumarins. It was also employed in the synthesis of cis-cyclopropanes
A colorless to straw-colored liquid with a sharp penetrating odor. Denser than water and soluble in water. Severly irritates skin and eyes. Toxic by ingestion and inhalation. Used to make vitamins and pharmaceuticals.
Air & Water Reactions
Highly flammable. Soluble in water.
Methyl bromoacetate is a halogenated ester. Esters react with acids to liberate heat along with alcohols and acids. Strong oxidizing acids may cause a vigorous reaction that is sufficiently exothermic to ignite the reaction products. Heat is also generated by the interaction of esters with caustic solutions. Flammable hydrogen is generated by mixing esters with alkali metals and hydrides.
Vapor is strong irritant to eyes.
TOXIC; inhalation, ingestion or contact (skin, eyes) with vapors, dusts or substance may cause severe injury, burns or death. Bromoacetates and chloroacetates are extremely irritating/lachrymators. Reaction with water or moist air will release toxic, corrosive or flammable gases. Reaction with water may generate much heat that will increase the concentration of fumes in the air. Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may be corrosive and/or toxic and cause pollution.
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors form explosive mixtures with air: indoors, outdoors and sewers explosion hazards. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Substance will react with water (some violently) releasing flammable, toxic or corrosive gases and runoff. Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas. Containers may explode when heated or if contaminated with water.
Poison by intravenous route. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Br-. See also ESTERS.
- t-Butyl 2-bromo isobutyrate
- 5-Bromovaleric acid
- Methyl bromoacetate
- Methyl phenoxyacetate
- Bromoacetic acid
- Methyl isobutyrylacetate
- Methyl acetate
- Methyl bromide
- Paraquat dichloride
- Methyl fluoroacetate
- Methyl glycolate
- Methyl 2,2-dimethylphenylacetate
- Methyl methoxyacetate
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