ChemicalBook >  Product Catalog >  Inorganic chemistry >  Inorganic salts >  Metal Sulphides and sulphates >  Lithium sulfide

Lithium sulfide

Basic information Safety Related Supplier

Lithium sulfide Basic information

Product Name:
Lithium sulfide
CAS:
12136-58-2
MF:
Li2S
MW:
45.95
EINECS:
235-228-1
Mol File:
12136-58-2.mol
More
Less

Lithium sulfide Chemical Properties

Melting point:
>900°C
Density 
1.66 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
storage temp. 
2-8°C
form 
Powder
color 
Yellow
Specific Gravity
1.66
Water Solubility 
soluble in water and ethanol
Sensitive 
Moisture Sensitive
InChIKey
ZWDBUTFCWLVLCQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS DataBase Reference
12136-58-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA Substance Registry System
Lithium sulfide (Li2S) (12136-58-2)
More
Less

Safety Information

Hazard Codes 
C
Risk Statements 
22-31-34
Safety Statements 
26-36/37/39-45
RIDADR 
UN 2923 8/PG 2
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
OJ6439500
8-10-13
TSCA 
Yes
HazardClass 
4.3
PackingGroup 
II

MSDS

More
Less

Lithium sulfide Usage And Synthesis

Chemical Properties

Lithium sulfide is the inorganic compound with the formula Li2S. It crystallizes in the antifluorite motif, described as the salt (Li+)2S2−. It forms a solid yellow-white deliquescent powder. In air, it easily hydrolyses to release hydrogen sulfide (rotten egg odor) Lithium sulfide is prepared by treating lithium with sulfur. This reaction is conveniently conducted in anhydrous ammonia. The THF-soluble triethylborane adduct of lithium sulfide can be generated using superhydride.
Lithium sulfide
Lithium sulfide (Li2S) is considered the promising cathode material for its high theoretical capacity, high melting point, affordable volume expansion, and lithium composition.

Uses

Lithium sulfide (Li2S) is a product specially designed for the use in high performance batteries which can be either applied as electrode material or as precursor for solid electrolytes. It as an electrode material not only has high capacity but also overcomes many problems caused by pure sulfur electrodes.
Lithium sulfide is an anti fluorite semiconductor (bandgap 3.865eV). It exists in orthorhombic and cubic structures. The densities of the orthorhombic and cubic structures are 1.75g/cm3 and 1.63g/cm3 respectively.
Lithium sulfide has been studied as a MgB2- like superconductor. It is also used as a cathode material in rechargeable lithium-sulfur batteries.

Preparation

Lithium sulfide, Li2S, is formed in the reaction of lithium with sulfur in liquid ammonia, by the decomposition of the ethanol adduct of lithium hydrogen sulfide with lithium ethanolate, and, more recently, by the reaction of hydrogen sulfide with lithium amylate to yield lithium hydrogen sulfide, LiSH, which is thermally decomposed in a vacuum to yield the sulfide. A very high quality anhydrous lithium sulfide may be prepared by the reaction of lithium metal and hydrogen sulfide in tetrahydrofuran if care is taken to exclude water. The reaction product is filtered from the reaction medium, and it is vacuum dried to remove tetrahydrofuran and to decompose the small amount of lithium hydrogen sulfide which forms. Lithium sulfide is reported to have an antifluorite structure. Lithium sulfide is readily hydrolyzed, even by water in the air, yielding hydrogen sulfide. The sulfide also reacts with sulfur to form a variety of polysulfides.

More
Less

Lithium sulfideSupplierMore

Ganfeng Lithium Co., Ltd. Gold
Tel:
0795-4604680
Email:
shenji@ganfenglithium.com
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD.
Tel:
010-82848833- ;010-82848833-
Email:
jkinfo@jkchemical.com;market6@jkchemical.com
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd.
Tel:
21-61259100-
Email:
sh@meryer.com
Alfa Aesar
Tel:
400-610-6006; 021-67582000
Email:
saleschina@alfa-asia.com
Energy Chemical
Tel:
021-58432009
Email:
sales8178@energy-chemical.com
Basic information Safety Related Supplier