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Sodium fluorosilicate

Basic information Outline Reference quality standards The role and purpose Toxicity Chemical Properties Production method Category Toxicity grading Acute toxicity Data irritation Flammability and hazard characteristics Storage characteristics Fire extinguishing agent Professional standards Safety Related Supplier

Sodium fluorosilicate Basic information

Product Name:
Sodium fluorosilicate
Mol File:

Sodium fluorosilicate Chemical Properties

Melting point:
melts at red heat, decomposing [MER06]
2.68 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
refractive index 
Specific Gravity
Water Solubility 
Slightly soluble in water. Solubility increases with temperature. Insoluble in alcoholSlightly soluble in water. Insoluble in alcohol.
Stable. Incompatible with oxidizing agents, water. Moisture sensitive.
CAS DataBase Reference
16893-85-9(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA Substance Registry System
Sodium fluosilicate (16893-85-9)

Safety Information

Hazard Codes 
Risk Statements 
Safety Statements 
UN 2674 6.1/PG 3
WGK Germany 
Hazard Note 
Hazardous Substances Data
16893-85-9(Hazardous Substances Data)
LD in rabbits (mg F/kg): 76 intragastric; in rats (mg F/kg): 42 s.c. (Muehlberger); LD in guinea pigs (mg/kg): 250 orally, 500 s.c. (Waldbott)



Sodium fluorosilicate Usage And Synthesis


Sodium fluorosilicate appears as white crystal, crystalline powder or colorless hexagonal crystals. It is odorless and tasteless. Its relative density is 2.68; it has moisture absorption capability. It can be dissolved in a solvent such as ethyl ether but insoluble in alcohol. The solubility in acid is greater than that in water. It can be decomposed in alkaline solution, generating sodium fluoride and silica. After searing (300 ℃), it is decomposed into sodium fluoride and silicon tetrafluoride. It is poisonous!
In 25 degrees, the sodium fluorosilicate has its water solubility being 0.78%. Upon production, addition of an excess amount of sodium sulfate or sodium chloride can increase the concentration of sodium ions in the system, thereby increasing the solubility product of fluorine silicate and sodium ions, so that sodium fluoride can be subject to more complete precipitation. Sodium fluorosilicate is the byproduct in the production of calcium phosphate or the production of fluoride salt in aluminum factory. It generally appears as a white crystalline powder with low solubility in water (being 1% or less at room temperature), and the water solubility increases slightly with increasing temperature. The aqueous solution of sodium fluorosilicate is acidic (pH3). This is due to that its hydrolysis product contains hydrofluoric acid. Reduction of the acidicity of the solution facilitates the hydrolysis of sodium fluorosilicate. When pH is lower than 3.5-3.55, the hydrolysis reaction is stabilized. When the pH is equal to 4, the hydrolysis reaction rate is significant. When the pH value is equal to 8-8.5, the sodium fluorosilicate can be completely hydrolyzed to exhibit as silica gel and precipitated out. Therefore, when sodium fluorosilicate is added to the water glass, in addition to hardening effect of precipitation of silicon dioxide gel caused by the neutralization of the sodium hydroxide in the solution of water glass, the sodium fluorosilicate itself is also a source of silica gel.

Reference quality standards

105 ℃ Loss of weight upon drying% 0.17%
Sodium fluorosilicate (based on dry mass) 99.50
Free acid (calculated based on HCL) 0.0075
Water insoluble matter 0.12%
Heavy metals (Pb) content% <0.02
% Fineness (through 250um sieve) 98.00
Appearance white powder

The role and purpose

Sodium fluorosilicate can be used as the insecticide in agriculture, the milky agent of enamel, the corrosion production agent of opal glass, wood preservatives and the raw material for the production of other kinds of fluoride as well as being applied to the smelting of beryllium and aluminum and pharmaceuticals, leather and rubber industry. In the refractory material, it can be used as the coagulant as the water glass binding agent. Since sodium fluorosilicate has a low water solubility, it reaction with the water glass is slow and gradual. This can not only boost the construction but also has a high density and strength of the cured products. It is most commonly used in the inorganic material binding with the water glass.
This information is edited by Xiongfeng Dai from Chemicalbook.


This product is toxic with stimulation effect on the respiratory organ. People of mistakenly oral poisoning will get severe symptoms of damage to the gastrointestinal tract with the lethal dose being 0.4~4g. During the working of the operator, they should wear the necessary protective equipment to prevent poisoning. Production equipment should be sealed and the workshop should be well ventilated.

Chemical Properties

It appears as colorless hexagonal crystals. It is odorless and tasteless. It has hygroscopicity. It can be dissolved in a solvent such as ethyl ether but insoluble in alcohol with its solubility in acid is being greater than in the water.

Production method

Calcium superphosphate byproduct method: use sulfuric acid and ground phosphate rock for production of superphosphate or fluorine-containing waste gas during extraction of phosphate with water absorbing silicon tetrafluoride to make it into fluorosilicate. When the concentration of fluorine acid solution reaches 8% to 10%, stand static for clarification and remove the impurities with the clarified fluorine silicate solution being added of sodium chloride (being excess of about 25%) for reaction of sodium fluorosilicate. Further go through centrifugation isolation, washing, air drying at a temperature below 300 ℃ and then pulverize to obtain the finished product of sodium fluorosilicate.
H2SiF6 + 2NaCl → Na2SiF6 + 2HCl


Toxic substances.

Toxicity grading

Highly toxic.

Acute toxicity

Oral-mouse LD50: 70 mg/kg.

Data irritation

Skin-rabbit 500 mg Mild; Eyes-rabbit 100 mg/4 seconds Severe.

Flammability and hazard characteristics

It is non-combustible with fire releasing toxic fluoride and sodium oxide, silica smoke; when it is reacted with acid, it can generate toxic hydrogen fluoride.

Storage characteristics

Treasury: ventilation, low-temperature and drying; store it separately from food and acid.

Fire extinguishing agent

plenty of water.

Professional standards

TWA 2.5 mg (fluorine)/cubic meter.

Chemical Properties

white powder

Chemical Properties

Sodium hexafluorosilicate is a white crystalline solid.


In enamels for china and porcelain; manufacture of opal glass; as insecticide, rodenticide; mothproofing of woolens. Fluoridating agent for drinking water. Intermediate in production of synthetic cryolite.

General Description

Fine, white, odorless, powdered solid. Toxic by ingestion, inhalation and skin absorption. Used as a rodenticide.

Air & Water Reactions

Water soluble.

Reactivity Profile

Sodium fluorosilicate has weak oxidizing or reducing powers. Redox reactions can however still occur. The majority of compounds in this class are slightly soluble or insoluble in water. If soluble in water, then the solutions are usually neither strongly acidic nor strongly basic. These compounds are not water-reactive.


Toxic by ingestion and inhalation, strong irritant to tissue.

Health Hazard

Inhalation of dust may irritate nose and throat. Ingestion causes symptoms similar to fluoride poisoning; compound is highly toxic; initial symptoms include nausea, cramps, vomiting, diarrhea, and dehydration; in severe cases, convulsions, shock, and cyanosis are followed by death in 2-4 hr. Contact with eyes causes irritation. Contact with skin causes rash, redness, and burning, sometimes followed by ulcer formation.

Fire Hazard

Behavior in Fire: Decomposes at red heat

Industrial uses

Sodium fluorosilicate (Na2SiF6) is a white, isomorphous powder. Solubility in water is similar to that of NaF. In acid pH, solubility improves.
Commercially, Na2SiF6 is produced by treatment of fluorosilic acid with sodium chloride, as shown in the following reaction: H2SiF6 + 2NaCl = Na2SiF6 + 2HCl

Safety Profile

Poison by ingestion and subcutaneous routes. A skin and severe eye irritant. An insecticide. When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes of Fand Na2O.

Potential Exposure

Sodium hexafluorosilicate is as a rodenticide; as an intermediate in production of synthetic cyrolite; as an insecticide in delousing and in mothproofing of woolens.


UN2674/Sodium fluorosilicate, Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials.

Purification Methods

Crystallise it from hot water (40mL/g) by cooling.


Reacts with acids to produce hydrogen fluoride, a highly corrosive and poisonous gas.


Sodium fluorosilicateSupplierMore

Changsha Yonta Industry Co., Ltd. Gold
Wuhan Xingzhongcheng Technology Co., Ltd. Gold
18627766980 18627766980
400-666-7788 010-82848833-
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd.
400-660-8290 21-61259100-
Alfa Aesar
Basic information Outline Reference quality standards The role and purpose Toxicity Chemical Properties Production method Category Toxicity grading Acute toxicity Data irritation Flammability and hazard characteristics Storage characteristics Fire extinguishing agent Professional standards Safety Related Supplier