ChemicalBook >  Product Catalog >  Chemical Reagents >  Organic reagents >  Cyanide / nitrile >  p-Tolunitrile

p-Tolunitrile

Basic information Safety Related Supplier

p-Tolunitrile Basic information

Product Name:
p-Tolunitrile
CAS:
104-85-8
MF:
C8H7N
MW:
117.15
EINECS:
203-244-8
Mol File:
104-85-8.mol
More
Less

p-Tolunitrile Chemical Properties

Melting point:
26-28 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
103-106 °C20 mm Hg(lit.)
Density 
0.981 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
refractive index 
1.5285-1.5305
Flash point:
185 °F
storage temp. 
Store below +30°C.
solubility 
alcohol: very soluble
form 
Viscous Liquid
color 
Clear
Specific Gravity
0.981
Water Solubility 
<0.1 g/100 mL at 17 ºC
Merck 
14,9538
BRN 
507386
Stability:
Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong bases.
InChIKey
VCZNNAKNUVJVGX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS DataBase Reference
104-85-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Benzonitrile, 4-methyl-(104-85-8)
EPA Substance Registry System
p-Tolunitrile (104-85-8)
More
Less

Safety Information

Hazard Codes 
Xi
Risk Statements 
36/37/38-43-36/38
Safety Statements 
26-36/37-37-36
WGK Germany 
2
RTECS 
XV0700000
Hazard Note 
Irritant
TSCA 
Yes
HS Code 
29269095

MSDS

More
Less

p-Tolunitrile Usage And Synthesis

Chemical Properties

beige solid

General Description

Beige solid at 62.6° F.

Air & Water Reactions

Insoluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

Nitriles, such as p-Tolunitrile, may polymerize in the presence of metals and some metal compounds. They are incompatible with acids; mixing nitriles with strong oxidizing acids can lead to extremely violent reactions. Nitriles are generally incompatible with other oxidizing agents such as peroxides and epoxides. The combination of bases and nitriles can produce hydrogen cyanide. Nitriles are hydrolyzed in both aqueous acid and base to give carboxylic acids (or salts of carboxylic acids). These reactions generate heat. Peroxides convert nitriles to amides. Nitriles can react vigorously with reducing agents. Acetonitrile and propionitrile are soluble in water, but nitriles higher than propionitrile have low aqueous solubility. They are also insoluble in aqueous acids.

Fire Hazard

p-Tolunitrile is combustible.

Purification Methods

Melt the nitrile, dry it with MgSO4, fractionally crystallise it from its melt, then fractionally distil it under reduced pressure in a 6-in spinning band column. [Brown J Am Chem Soc 81 3232 1959.] It can also be crystallised from *benzene/pet ether (b 40-60o). [Beilstein 9 H 489, 9 I 194, 9 II 330, 9 III 2348, 9 IV 1738.]

More
Less

p-TolunitrileSupplierMore

J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD.
Tel:
010-82848833- ;010-82848833-
Email:
jkinfo@jkchemical.com;market6@jkchemical.com
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd.
Tel:
21-61259100-
Email:
sh@meryer.com
Alfa Aesar
Tel:
400-610-6006; 021-67582000
Email:
saleschina@alfa-asia.com
TAIYUAN RHF CO.,LTD.
Tel:
+86 351 7031519
Email:
sales@RHFChem.com
TCI (Shanghai) Development Co., Ltd.
Tel:
021-67121386 / 800-988-0390
Email:
Sales-CN@TCIchemicals.com
Basic information Safety Related Supplier