3-Nitrochlorobenzene Chemical Properties
- Melting point:
- 43-47 °C(lit.)
- Boiling point:
- 236 °C(lit.)
- 1.534 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
- refractive index
- 1.5545 (estimate)
- Flash point:
- 218 °F
- storage temp.
- Store below +30°C.
- alcohol: freely soluble (hot)(lit.)
- 7 (0.26g/l, H2O, 20℃)
- Water Solubility
- Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong acids, strong reducing agents.
- CAS DataBase Reference
- 121-73-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
- NIST Chemistry Reference
- Benzene, 1-chloro-3-nitro-(121-73-3)
- EPA Substance Registry System
- m-Chloronitrobenzene (121-73-3)
- Hazard Codes
- Risk Statements
- Safety Statements
- UN 1578 6.1/PG 2
- WGK Germany
- Autoignition Temperature
- 500 °F
- HS Code
- Hazardous Substances Data
- 121-73-3(Hazardous Substances Data)
3-Nitrochlorobenzene Usage And Synthesis
Moist tan or pale yellow crystalline solid
Intermediate for dyes.
m-Chloronitrobenzene is of lesser economic importance
than its ortho- and para-isomers, with no U.S. production reported. The annual production in Germany was
reported to be on the order of 1000–3000 metric tons. It
has limited use in the manufacturing of dyes and agricultural
There is no information on potential exposure. Chloronitrobenzene has been detected in the surface water of the Rhine River with concentrations between 20 and 500 ng/L and in fish at levels of up to 1 mg/kg.
Pale yellow crystals. Insoluble in water.
Air & Water Reactions
Insoluble in water.
3-Nitrochlorobenzene can react with oxidizing materials. .
Toxic by inhalation and ingestion. Combustible. Questionable carcinogen.
Flash point data for 3-Nitrochlorobenzene are not available. 3-Nitrochlorobenzene is probably combustible.
Poison by ingestion and inhalation. It forms methemoglobin in the body and gves rise to cyanosis and blood changes. Its effects are cumulative and analogous to those of nitrobenzene. The para compound is thought to be somewhat less toxic than the ortho compound. Chemically, it is probably converted in the body to chloroaniline, whch is also poisonous. In industry, it is the dust of hs material that is most often the source of intoxication. Flammable liquid and dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame. It can react with oxidizing materials. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-, NOx, and phosgene. See also other chloronitrobenzene entries and NITRO COMPOUNDS of AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS.
Crystallise the nitrobenzene from MeOH or 95% EtOH (charcoal), then pentane. [Beilstein 5 IV 722.]
- Nitrochlorobenzene, p-,Nitrochlorobenzene, para,PARA NITROCHLOROBENZENE,P-NITROCHLOROBENZENE,4-NITROCHLOROBENZENE
- Sodium 3-nitrobenzenesulphonate
- o-NITROCHLOROBENZENE pure,Ortho Nitrochlorobenzene [ONCB],O-NITROCHLOROBENZENE,ORTHO NITROCHLOROBENZENE,Nitrochlorobenzene, o-,Nitrochlorobenzene, ortho,o-nitrochlorobenzene,[liquid
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