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Magnesium gluconate

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Magnesium gluconate Basic information

Product Name:
Magnesium gluconate
CAS:
3632-91-5
MF:
C12H22MgO14
MW:
414.6
EINECS:
222-848-2
Mol File:
3632-91-5.mol
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Magnesium gluconate Chemical Properties

Flash point:
100 °C
solubility 
Freely soluble in water, slightly soluble in ethanol (96 per cent), very slightly soluble in methylene chloride.
Water Solubility 
almost transparency
Merck 
13,4469
CAS DataBase Reference
3632-91-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA Substance Registry System
D-Gluconic acid, magnesium salt (2:1) (3632-91-5)
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Safety Information

Safety Statements 
22
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
OM3480000
HS Code 
29181990
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Magnesium gluconate Usage And Synthesis

Description

A white to off-white powder or granulate. It may be anhydrous, or as the dihydrate, or a mixture of both. It is very soluble in water and is sparingly soluble in alcohol. It is insoluble in ether. Magnesium gluconate is included on a partial listing of substances presumed to be GRAS by FDA but not published. Some uses of magnesium salts include firming agents, lubricants, flavor enhancers, and processing aids. Magnesium is an essential nutrient for plants and animals and is a natural constituent of fruits, vegetables, grain, meats and sea foods. It is the fourth most abundant cation in the human body and the second most plentiful intracellularly. The average 60-kg human adult body contains about 24 g magnesium of which about one-half resides in bone. Although plasma levels vary between 1.7 and 3.0 mg per dl, very little is contained in extracellular fluid. Magnesium is essential for the production and transfer of energy, for protein, fat, and nucleic acid synthesis, for contractility in muscle and excitability in nerve, and for the activity of numerous enzyme systems.

Chemical Properties

White powder or fine needles; odorless; almost tasteless. Soluble in water. Combustible.

Uses

Replenisher (magnesium).

brand name

Almora(Forest).

Purification Methods

Crystallise it from dilute EtOH to give ca trihydrate, and then dry it at 98o in high vacuum. It is insoluble in EtOH, and the solubility in H2O is 16% at 25o. [Prescott et al. Ind Eng Chem 45 338 1953, Beilstein 3 IV 1256.]

Magnesium gluconate Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

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J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD.
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BeiJing Hwrk Chemicals Limted
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Energy Chemical
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