Nonanoic acid Chemical Properties
- Melting point:
- 9 °C(lit.)
- Boiling point:
- 268-269 °C(lit.)
- 0.906 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
- vapor density
- 5.5 (vs air)
- vapor pressure
- <0.1 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
- 2784 | NONANOIC ACID
- refractive index
- Flash point:
- 212 °F
- storage temp.
- 4.96(at 25℃)
- Clear colorless
- 4.4 (0.1g/l, H2O, 25℃)
- explosive limit
- Water Solubility
- JECFA Number
- CAS DataBase Reference
- 112-05-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
- NIST Chemistry Reference
- Nonanoic acid(112-05-0)
- EPA Substance Registry System
- Nonanoic acid (112-05-0)
- Hazard Codes
- Risk Statements
- Safety Statements
- UN 3265 8/PG 3
- WGK Germany
- Autoignition Temperature
- 405 °C
- HS Code
- Hazardous Substances Data
- 112-05-0(Hazardous Substances Data)
- LD50 i.v. in mice: 224±4.6 mg/kg (Or, Wretlind)
Nonanoic acid Usage And Synthesis
Nonanoic acid (also known as pelargonic acid; chemical formula: CH3 (CH2)7COOH) is a kind of organic carboxylic acid compound. It is naturally existed in the oil of pelargonium in the form of esters. It is commonly used in conjunction with glyphosate which is a kind of non-selective herbicide in order to obtain a quick burn-down effect in the control of weeds in turfgrass. It is also a potent antifungal agent which can inhibit spore germination and mycelial growth of pathogenic fungi. Its synthetic esters, such as methyl nonanoate can be used as flavorings. Moreover, it can also be used in the preparation of plasticizers and lacquers. It can also be potentially used for the treatment of seizures.
Nonanoic acid , also called pelargonic acid, is an organic compound composed of a nine - carbon chain terminating in a carboxylic acid with structural formula CH3(CH2)7COOH. Nonanoic acid forms esters—nonanoates. It is a clear, oily liquid with an unpleasant, rancid odor. It is nearly insoluble in water, but very soluble in chloroform, ether, and hexane.
Its refractive index is 1.4322. Its critical point is at 712 K ( 439 °C ) and 2.35 MPa.
clear colorless liquid
Colorless or yellowish, combustible, oily liquid. Faint odor.
Nonanoic acid has a fatty, characteristic odor and a corresponding unpleasant taste. May be prepared by oxidation of methylnonyl ketone; by oxidation of oleic acid; or from heptyl iodide via malonic ester synthesis.
Nonanoic acid has a fatty, characteristic odor and a corresponding unpleasant taste. This compound is also reported as having a cheese, waxy flavor
Nonanoic acid is a fatty acid which occurs naturally as esters in the oil of pelargonium. Synthetic esters, such as methyl nonanoate, are used as flavorings.
Nonanoic acid is also used in the preparation of plasticizers and lacquers.
The derivative 4-nonanoylmorpholine is an ingredient in some pepper sprays.
The ammonium salt of nonanoic acid, ammonium nonanoate, is used as an herbicide.
The primary uses of this acid are in organic synthesis and in the manufacture of lacquers, plastics, pharmaceuticals, synthetic odors and flavorings, gasoline additives, flotation agents, lubricants, and vinyl plasticizers. Nonanoic acid has found some use in pharmaceutical preparations and as a topical bactericide and fungicide. It is also used in herbicides.
Intermediates of Liquid Crystals
In the production of hydrotropic salts (hydrotropic salts form aqueous solutions which dissolve sparingly soluble substances to a greater extent than water); in the manufacture of lacquers, plastics.
ChEBI: A C9 straight-chain saturated fatty acid which occurs naturally as esters of the oil of pelargonium. Has antifungal properties, and is also used as a herbicide as well as in the preparation of plasticisers and lacquers.
Aroma threshold values
Detection: 3 to 9 ppm
Taste threshold values
Taste characteristics at 10 ppm: fatty, waxy, and cheesy with a mild, sweet, creamy background
Herbicide, Fungicide: Pelargonic acid occurs naturally in many plants and animals. It is used to control the growth of weeds and as a blossom thinner for apple and pear trees. It is also used as a food additive; as an ingredient in solutions used to commercially peel fruits and vegetables
CIRRASOL®-185A; ECONOSAN®; EMERY® 202 (mixture with n-octoic acid); EMFAC®-1202; HEXACID® C-9; PELARGON®; SCYTHE®; WEST AGRO ACID SANITIZER®
Poison by intravenous route. Moderately toxic by ingestion. A severe skin and eye irritant. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.
By oxidation of methylnonyl ketone; by oxidation of oleic acid; or from heptyl iodide via malonic ester synthesis
Pelargonic acid, a naturally occurring fatty acid herbicide/fungicide. It is used to control the growth of weeds and as a blossom thinner for apple and pear trees. It is also used as a food additive; as an ingredient in solutions used to commercially peel fruits and vegetables; in the manufacture of lacquers, plastics and pharmaceuticals.
Esterify the acid with ethylene glycol and distil the ester. (This removes dibasic acids as undistillable residues.) The acid is regenerated by hydrolysing the ester in the usual way and is distilled in vacuo. [Beilstein 2 IV 1018.]
Heated vapors may form explosive mixture with air. May react violently with strong oxidizers, bromine, 90% hydrogen peroxide, phosphorus trichloride, silver powders or dust. Incompatible with strong bases and silver compounds; mixture with some silver compounds may form explosive salts of silver oxalate.
Do not discharge into drains or sewers. Dispose of waste material as hazardous waste using a licensed disposal contractor to an approved landfill. Contact a licensed disposal facility about surplus and non-recyclable solutions. Burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber. Extra care must be exercised as the material in an organic solvent is highly flammable. Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Incineration with effluent gas scrubbing is recommended. Containers must be disposed of properly by following package label directions or by contacting your local or federal environmental control agency, or by contacting your regional EPA office.
Nonanoic acid Preparation Products And Raw materials
- OCTADECANOIC ACID-1-13C
- Palmitic acid
- Tetradecanedioic acid
- 11-Bromoundecanoic acid
- HEPTADECANOIC ACID
- BRASSIDIC ACID
- 16-HYDROXYHEXADECANOIC ACID
- 11-CYANO-1-UNDECANOIC ACID
- 12-HYDROXYDODECANOIC ACID
- 11-PHENOXYUNDECANOIC ACID
- 1,11-Undecanedicarboxylic acid
- TRIDECANOIC ACID
- NONADECANOIC ACID
- Sodium Palmitate
- Lauric acid
- ETHYL CYCLOHEXANEPROPIONATE
- TRANS-11-OCTADECENOIC ACID
- Hendecanoic acid
- 400-1196-196;028-84555506- ;028-84555506-
- Products Intro:
- Product Name:Nonanoic acid
Purity:99% HPLC Package:10g;50g;100g;500g;1kg;5kg;25kg
- 025-83172967- ;025-83172869-
- Products Intro:
- Product Name:Nonanoic Acid;Grantrico n-Nonanoic acid;Pelargonic acid;Nonoic acid
- Products Intro:
- Product Name:Pelargonic Acid; Natural Nonanoic Acid
- 010-82848833- ;010-82848833-
- Products Intro:
- Product Name:Pelargonic acid, 98%
- Products Intro:
- Product Name:Pelargonic acid
Purity:98.5% Package:500Ml;1L Remarks:B63018