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Nonanoic acid

Basic information Description References Safety Related Supplier

Nonanoic acid Basic information

Product Name:
Nonanoic acid
CAS:
112-05-0
MF:
C9H18O2
MW:
158.24
EINECS:
203-931-2
Mol File:
112-05-0.mol
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Nonanoic acid Chemical Properties

Melting point:
9 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
268-269 °C(lit.)
Density 
0.906 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
vapor density 
5.5 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
<0.1 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
FEMA 
2784 | NONANOIC ACID
refractive index 
n20/D 1.432(lit.)
Flash point:
212 °F
storage temp. 
2-8°C
solubility 
0.3g/l
pka
4.96(at 25℃)
form 
Liquid
color 
Clear colorless
PH
4.4 (0.1g/l, H2O, 25℃)
explosive limit
0.8-9%(V)
Water Solubility 
NEGLIGIBLE
JECFA Number
102
Merck 
14,7070
BRN 
1752351
CAS DataBase Reference
112-05-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Nonanoic acid(112-05-0)
EPA Substance Registry System
Nonanoic acid (112-05-0)
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Safety Information

Hazard Codes 
C
Risk Statements 
34
Safety Statements 
26-28-36/37/39-45-28A
RIDADR 
UN 3265 8/PG 3
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
RA6650000
Autoignition Temperature
405 °C
TSCA 
Yes
HazardClass 
8
PackingGroup 
III
HS Code 
29159080
Hazardous Substances Data
112-05-0(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity
LD50 i.v. in mice: 224±4.6 mg/kg (Or, Wretlind)

MSDS

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Nonanoic acid Usage And Synthesis

Description

Nonanoic acid (also known as pelargonic acid; chemical formula: CH3 (CH2)7COOH) is a kind of organic carboxylic acid compound. It is naturally existed in the oil of pelargonium in the form of esters. It is commonly used in conjunction with glyphosate which is a kind of non-selective herbicide in order to obtain a quick burn-down effect in the control of weeds in turfgrass. It is also a potent antifungal agent which can inhibit spore germination and mycelial growth of pathogenic fungi. Its synthetic esters, such as methyl nonanoate can be used as flavorings. Moreover, it can also be used in the preparation of plasticizers and lacquers. It can also be potentially used for the treatment of seizures.

References

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nonanoic_acid
http://www.abcam.com/nonanoic-acid-pelargonic-acid-ab143891.html

Description

Nonanoic acid , also called pelargonic acid, is an organic compound composed of a nine - carbon chain terminating in a carboxylic acid with structural formula CH3(CH2)7COOH. Nonanoic acid forms esters—nonanoates. It is a clear, oily liquid with an unpleasant, rancid odor. It is nearly insoluble in water, but very soluble in chloroform, ether, and hexane.
Its refractive index is 1.4322. Its critical point is at 712 K ( 439 °C ) and 2.35 MPa.

Chemical Properties

clear colorless liquid

Chemical Properties

Colorless or yellowish, combustible, oily liquid. Faint odor.

Chemical Properties

Nonanoic acid has a fatty, characteristic odor and a corresponding unpleasant taste. May be prepared by oxidation of methylnonyl ketone; by oxidation of oleic acid; or from heptyl iodide via malonic ester synthesis.

Chemical Properties

Nonanoic acid has a fatty, characteristic odor and a corresponding unpleasant taste. This compound is also reported as having a cheese, waxy flavor

Occurrence

Nonanoic acid is a fatty acid which occurs naturally as esters in the oil of pelargonium. Synthetic esters, such as methyl nonanoate, are used as flavorings.
Nonanoic acid is also used in the preparation of plasticizers and lacquers.
The derivative 4-nonanoylmorpholine is an ingredient in some pepper sprays.
The ammonium salt of nonanoic acid, ammonium nonanoate, is used as an herbicide.

Uses

The primary uses of this acid are in organic synthesis and in the manufacture of lacquers, plastics, pharmaceuticals, synthetic odors and flavorings, gasoline additives, flotation agents, lubricants, and vinyl plasticizers. Nonanoic acid has found some use in pharmaceutical preparations and as a topical bactericide and fungicide. It is also used in herbicides.

Uses

Intermediates of Liquid Crystals

Uses

In the production of hydrotropic salts (hydrotropic salts form aqueous solutions which dissolve sparingly soluble substances to a greater extent than water); in the manufacture of lacquers, plastics.

Definition

ChEBI: A C9 straight-chain saturated fatty acid which occurs naturally as esters of the oil of pelargonium. Has antifungal properties, and is also used as a herbicide as well as in the preparation of plasticisers and lacquers.

Aroma threshold values

Detection: 3 to 9 ppm

Taste threshold values

Taste characteristics at 10 ppm: fatty, waxy, and cheesy with a mild, sweet, creamy background

Agricultural Uses

Herbicide, Fungicide: Pelargonic acid occurs naturally in many plants and animals. It is used to control the growth of weeds and as a blossom thinner for apple and pear trees. It is also used as a food additive; as an ingredient in solutions used to commercially peel fruits and vegetables

Trade name

CIRRASOL®-185A; ECONOSAN®; EMERY® 202 (mixture with n-octoic acid); EMFAC®-1202; HEXACID® C-9; PELARGON®; SCYTHE®; WEST AGRO ACID SANITIZER®

Safety Profile

Poison by intravenous route. Moderately toxic by ingestion. A severe skin and eye irritant. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.

Chemical Synthesis

By oxidation of methylnonyl ketone; by oxidation of oleic acid; or from heptyl iodide via malonic ester synthesis

Potential Exposure

Pelargonic acid, a naturally occurring fatty acid herbicide/fungicide. It is used to control the growth of weeds and as a blossom thinner for apple and pear trees. It is also used as a food additive; as an ingredient in solutions used to commercially peel fruits and vegetables; in the manufacture of lacquers, plastics and pharmaceuticals.

Purification Methods

Esterify the acid with ethylene glycol and distil the ester. (This removes dibasic acids as undistillable residues.) The acid is regenerated by hydrolysing the ester in the usual way and is distilled in vacuo. [Beilstein 2 IV 1018.]

Incompatibilities

Heated vapors may form explosive mixture with air. May react violently with strong oxidizers, bromine, 90% hydrogen peroxide, phosphorus trichloride, silver powders or dust. Incompatible with strong bases and silver compounds; mixture with some silver compounds may form explosive salts of silver oxalate.

Waste Disposal

Do not discharge into drains or sewers. Dispose of waste material as hazardous waste using a licensed disposal contractor to an approved landfill. Contact a licensed disposal facility about surplus and non-recyclable solutions. Burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber. Extra care must be exercised as the material in an organic solvent is highly flammable. Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Incineration with effluent gas scrubbing is recommended. Containers must be disposed of properly by following package label directions or by contacting your local or federal environmental control agency, or by contacting your regional EPA office.

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Nonanoic acidSupplierMore

Chengdu HuaXia Chemical Reagent Co. Ltd Gold
Tel:
400-1196-196;028-84555506- ;028-84555506-
Email:
cdhxsj@163.com;cdhxsj@163.com;cdhxsj@163.com
Products Intro:
Product Name:Nonanoic acid
CAS:112-05-0
Purity:99% HPLC Package:10g;50g;100g;500g;1kg;5kg;25kg
Nanjing Zhipu Chemical Co., Ltd Gold
Tel:
025-83172967- ;025-83172869-
Email:
liuxl@njchemm.com;derekzyp@njchemm.com
Products Intro:
Product Name:Nonanoic Acid;Grantrico n-Nonanoic acid;Pelargonic acid;Nonoic acid
CAS:112-05-0
Purity:99% Package:180KG
Henan xiangduo industry co., ltd Gold
Tel:
Email:
2933561707@qq.com;2933561707@qq.com
Products Intro:
Product Name:Pelargonic Acid; Natural Nonanoic Acid
CAS:112-05-0
Purity:90%;95%;99%
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD.
Tel:
010-82848833- ;010-82848833-
Email:
jkinfo@jkchemical.com;market6@jkchemical.com
Products Intro:
Product Name:Pelargonic acid, 98%
CAS:112-05-0
Purity:98% Package:25ML
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd.
Tel:
21-61259100-
Email:
sh@meryer.com
Products Intro:
Product Name:Pelargonic acid
CAS:112-05-0
Purity:98.5% Package:500Ml;1L Remarks:B63018
Basic information Description References Safety Related Supplier