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Hexafluorosilicic acid

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Hexafluorosilicic acid Basic information

Product Name:
Hexafluorosilicic acid
CAS:
16961-83-4
MF:
F6H2Si
MW:
144.09
EINECS:
241-034-8
Mol File:
16961-83-4.mol
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Hexafluorosilicic acid Chemical Properties

Boiling point:
108-109°C
Density 
1.22 g/mL at 25 °C
refractive index 
1.3500
Flash point:
108-109°C
storage temp. 
−20°C
solubility 
H2O: 1 mg/mL, clear, colorless
form 
Liquid
color 
Clear colorless
Specific Gravity
1.38 (40%)
Water Solubility 
Miscible with water.
Hydrolytic Sensitivity
0: forms stable aqueous solutions
Merck 
14,4182
Stability:
Stable in aqueous solution.
InChIKey
AUJBMDCSBIPDEH-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS DataBase Reference
16961-83-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA Substance Registry System
Fluosilicic acid (16961-83-4)
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Safety Information

Hazard Codes 
C
Risk Statements 
34-35-20/21/22
Safety Statements 
26-36/37/39-45-27
RIDADR 
UN 1778 8/PG 2
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
VV8225000
8-10
Hazard Note 
Corrosive
TSCA 
Yes
HazardClass 
8
PackingGroup 
II
HS Code 
28111990
Hazardous Substances Data
16961-83-4(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity
LD50 oral in rat: 430mg/kg

MSDS

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Hexafluorosilicic acid Usage And Synthesis

Description

Hexafluorosilicic acid is a kind of inorganic acid. It is majorly used for the fluoridation of water in United State to minimize the incidence of dental caries and dental fluorosis. For chemical synthesis, it is majorly used for the manufacturing of aluminum fluoride and cryolite as well as many kinds of hexafluorosilicate salts. It can also be used for the production of silicon and silicon dioxide. It can also be used as an electrolyte in the Betts electrolytic process for refining lead. It is also a specialized reagent in organic synthesis for cleaving Si–O bonds of silyl ethers.

Chemical Properties

Fluosilicic acid,H2SiF6, also known as hydrofluorosilicic acid,is a colorless liquid that is soluble in water. It is highly corrosive and toxic,attacking glass and stoneware. Fluosilicic acid is used in water fluoridation, electroplating, and in manufacturing enamels and cement.

Chemical Properties

Fluorosilicic acid is a transparent, colorless fuming liquid.

Uses

A 1-2% solution is used widely for sterilizing equipment in brewing and bottling establishments. Other concentrations are used in the electrolytic refining of lead, in electroplating, for hardening cement, crumbling lime or brick work, for the removal of lime from hides during the tanning process, to remove molds, as preservative for timber.

General Description

A colorless fuming liquid with a penetrating pungent odor. Corrosive to metals and tissue. Both the fumes and very short contact with the liquid can cause severe and painful burns. Used in water fluoridation, in hardening cement and ceramics, as a wood preservative.

Air & Water Reactions

Fumes in air. Soluble in water with release of heat and corrosive fumes.

Reactivity Profile

Hexafluorosilicic acid can react with strong acids (such as sulfuric acid) to release fumes of toxic hydrogen fluoride. Attacks glass and materials containing silica. Reacts exothermically with chemical bases (examples: amines, amides, inorganic hydroxides). Reacts with active metals, including iron and aluminum to dissolve the metal and liberate hydrogen and/or toxic gases. Can initiate polymerization in certain alkenes. Reacts with cyanide salts and compounds to release gaseous hydrogen cyanide. Flammable and/or toxic gases are also often generated by reactions with dithiocarbamates, isocyanates, mercaptans, nitrides, nitriles, sulfides, and weak or strong reducing agents. Additional gas-generating reactions may occur with sulfites, nitrites, thiosulfates (to give H2S and SO3), dithionites (SO2), and carbonates. Can catalyze (increase the rate of) chemical reactions. Decomposes when heated to the boiling point to produce very toxic and corrosive hydrogen fluoride gas.

Hazard

Extremely corrosive by skin contact and inhalation.

Health Hazard

Inhalation of vapor produces severe corrosive effect on mucous membrane. Ingestion causes severe burns of mouth and stomach. Contact with liquid or vapor causes severe burns of eyes and skin.

Fire Hazard

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Irritating fumes of hydrogen fluoride may form in fire.

Industrial uses

Hydrofluorosilicic acid (H2SiF6) is a colorless to light brown liquid. It is also manufactured from calcium fluoride or other fluoride-containing products. Hydrofluorosilic acid is a strong depressant for many silicates during flotation of a number of oxidic minerals. It is used for gangue depression during flotation of tin, columbite and tantalite.

Safety Profile

Poison by subcutaneous route. A corrosive irritant to sktn, eyes, and mucous membranes. Will react with water or steam to produce toxic and corrosive fumes. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of F-. See also FLUORIDES.

Potential Exposure

A solution of fluorosilicic acid is used for sterilization in the brewing and bottling industry, elec trolytic refining of lead; electroplating, hardening cement; removing mold, and others.

Shipping

UN1778 Fluorosilicic acid, Hazard class: 8; Labels: 8-Corrosive material.

Incompatibilities

The aqueous solution is a strong acid. Reacts with water or steam to produce toxic and corrosive fumes of hydrogen fluoride. Incompatible, and may react violently with: bases, aliphatic amines; alkanolamines, alkylene oxides; aromatic amines; amides, ammonia, ammonium hydroxide; calcium oxide; epichlorohydrin, iso cyanates, oleum, organic anhydrides; sulfuric acid; strong oxidizers; vinyl acetate; water. Attacks glass, concrete, and ceramics. The anhydrous form dissociates almost instantly into silicon tetrafluoride and hydrogen fluoride.

Waste Disposal

Add slowly to a large amount of soda ash in solution. Discharge to sewer with large volumes of water

References

Robinson, Tim. "Innovative Processes in Electrometallurgy." Innovative Process Development in Metallurgical Industry. Springer International Publishing, 2016. 385- 392.
Sarawade, Pradip B., et al. "Recovery of high surface area mesoporous silica from waste hexafluorosilicic acid (H 2 SiF 6) of fertilizer industry." Journal of hazardous materials 173.1 (2010): 576-580.
Kauffman, Joel M. "Water fluoridation: a review of recent research and actions." Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons 10.2 (2005): 38.
Krot, V. V., et al. "ChemInform Abstract: Preparation of Amorphous Silicon Dioxide from Hexafluorosilicic Acid." Cheminform 23.48(1992):no-no.
Zorya, L., and V. Krot. "Method of high-purity silica production from hexafluorosilicic acid." Reaction Kinetics & Catalysis Letters 50.1-2(1993):349-354.

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