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Isobutyric acid

Basic information Chemical properties Uses Content analysis Toxicity Use limits Standard for Maximum Allowable Amount Production method Hazards & Safety Information Safety Related Supplier

Isobutyric acid Basic information

Product Name:
Isobutyric acid
CAS:
79-31-2
MF:
C4H8O2
MW:
88.11
EINECS:
201-195-7
Mol File:
79-31-2.mol
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Isobutyric acid Chemical Properties

Melting point:
-47 °C
Boiling point:
153-154 °C(lit.)
Density 
0.95 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
vapor density 
3.04 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
1.5 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.393(lit.)
FEMA 
2222 | ISOBUTYRIC ACID
Flash point:
132 °F
storage temp. 
room temp
solubility 
618g/l
pka
4.84(at 20℃)
form 
Liquid
color 
Clear colorless
PH
2.3 (500g/l, H2O, 25℃)
Odor Threshold
0.0015ppm
explosive limit
1.6-7.3%(V)
Water Solubility 
210 g/L (20 ºC)
JECFA Number
253
Merck 
14,5155
BRN 
635770
InChIKey
KQNPFQTWMSNSAP-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS DataBase Reference
79-31-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Propanoic acid, 2-methyl-(79-31-2)
EPA Substance Registry System
Isobutyric acid (79-31-2)
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Safety Information

Hazard Codes 
Xn
Risk Statements 
21/22
Safety Statements 
23-36/37/39-24/25
RIDADR 
UN 2529 3/PG 3
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
NQ4375000
13
Autoignition Temperature
824 °F
TSCA 
Yes
HazardClass 
3
PackingGroup 
III
HS Code 
29156000
Hazardous Substances Data
79-31-2(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity
LD50 orally in Rabbit: 266 mg/kg LD50 dermal Rabbit 475 mg/kg

MSDS

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Isobutyric acid Usage And Synthesis

Chemical properties

Colorless oily liquid; strong irritating odor; miscible with water; soluble in alcohol, ether and so on.

Uses

1. Isobutyric acid is mainly used in the synthesis of isobutyric acid esters, such as methyl isobutyrate, propyl ester, isoamyl ester and benzyl ester. It can also be used as edible flavor and used in pharmaceutical.
2. GB 2760-1996 provides for isobutyric acid as the food flavors allowed to use. It is mainly used for the preparation of butter, apple, caramel, cheese, bread, yeast and other flavors.
3. Isobutyric acid is not more important than butyric acid, but has the similar uses with n-butyric acid. Isobutyric acid is mainly used to produce the corresponding esters, such as methyl isobutyrate with apricot incense, propyl isobutyrate with pineapple flavor, isobutyl isobutyrate with banana flavor, octyl isobutyrate with grapes taste, benzyl isobutyrate with jasmine smell, etc. It can be used for preparing flavors and solvents and also used in the manufacture of varnishes and plasticizers. Isobutyric acid has some important derivatives that, in the industry, is actually used for the production of isobutyronitrile intermediates, and then converted to isobutylamidine hydrochloride that is the raw materials of pesticide diazinon.
4. Used for the raw materials of perfume and perfume ester, and also used as the solvents of textile auxiliaries (in the form of salt) and a variety of chemical reactions.

Content analysis

Determined by the same content analysis method of "butyric acid (03454)".

Toxicity

GRAS (FEMA).
LD50 280 mg/kg (rat, oral).

Use limits

FEMA (mg/kg): soft drinks 4.1; cold drinks 12; candy 41; baked food 38; gummy candy 470; margarine 30.
Moderate use as limits (FDA § 172.515, 2000).

Standard for Maximum Allowable Amount

English name of the additive: isobutyric acid
English name of the food allowed to use the additive : food
Additive Function:Spice used in food
Maximum allowable use (g/kg) Maximum allowable residue (g/kg)
The spice ingredients for preparing essence shall not exceed the maximum allowable use and maximum allowable residue in GB 2760.

Production method

The preparation of isobutyric acid is similar with butyric acid, which is performed by the direct oxidation of isobutyl alcohol and isobutyraldehyde. Isobutyric acid can be directly generated from the oxidation of isobutyraldehyde in air or oxygen. Other manufacturing methods have isobutyronitrile hydrolysis and methacrylic acid hydrogenation. The oxidation of 2-methyl-1-nitropropane to prepare isobutyric acid can also obtain a higher yield. The purification of Isobutyric acid can be realized by azeotropic distillation with water, and anhydrous isobutyric acid can be obtained by the extractive distillation from carbon tetrachloride. Propylene and formic acid ester can react at 50 °C with the catalysis of hydrofluoric acid to generate methyl isobutyrate and propyl isobutyrate.
Application: Isobutyric acid is not more important than butyric acid, but has the similar uses with n-butyric acid. Isobutyric acid is mainly used to produce the corresponding esters, such as methyl isobutyrate with apricot incense, propyl isobutyrate with pineapple flavor, isobutyl isobutyrate with banana flavor, octyl isobutyrate with grapes taste, benzyl isobutyrate with jasmine smell, etc. It can be used for preparing flavors and solvents and also used in the manufacture of varnishes and plasticizers. Isobutyric acid has some important derivatives that, in the industry, is actually used for the production of isobutyronitrile intermediates, and then converted to isobutylamidine hydrochloride that is the raw materials of pesticide diazinon.

Hazards & Safety Information

Production method :Isobutyric acid can be derived from the oxidation of isobutanol.
Category : Flammable liquids
Toxicity classification : high toxicity
Acute Toxicity : Oral-Rat LD50: 280 mg/kg
Flammability hazard characteristics :Combust when meeting fire, high temperature and strong oxidant; Release irritating smoke when combusting.
Storage and transport characteristics  :Complete packaging; light loading and unloading; warehouse ventilation; away from the fire and high temperature; stored separately with oxidants and alkali.
Fire extinguishing agent : foam, dry powder, carbon dioxide, sand

Description

Isobutyric acid has an odor and flavor similar to n-butyric acid. Prepared via oxidation of isobutyl alcohol.

Chemical Properties

Isobutyric acid has strong penetrating odor of rancid butter. The odor and flavor are similar to n-butyric acid.

Chemical Properties

clear colorless liquid

Occurrence

Reported found in several essential oils: Arnica montana, Roman chamomile, Laurus nobilis, imperatoria, and in carob fruits (Siliqua dulcis); also identified in the essence of Seseli tortuosum, Artemisia transiliensis. Reported found in apple, banana, lingonberry, cranberry, currants, guava, papaya, grapes, pineapple, raspberry, strawberry, celery, potato, bell pepper, tomato, peppermint oil, breads, cheeses, butter, fish, cooked beef and pork, hop oil, beer, rum, cognac, whiskies, cider, honey, grape wines, cocoa, coffee, tea, peanuts, passion fruit, plums, mushrooms, mango, rice, shoyu, sake, buckwheat, laurel, dried bonito, Bourbon vanilla, shrimps, scallops and Chinese quince

Uses

Isobutyric Acid is a flavoring agent that is a colorless liquid with a strong, penetrating odor, resembling butter. it is miscible in alcohol, propylene glycol, glycerin, mineral oil, and most fixed oils and sol- uble in water. it is obtained by chemical synthesis. it is also termed isopropylformic acid.

Uses

Manufacture of esters for solvents, flavors and perfume bases, disinfecting agent, varnish, deliming hides, tanning agent.

Definition

ChEBI: A branched fatty acid comprising propanoic acid carrying a methyl branch at C-2.

Preparation

By oxidation of isobutyl alcohol.

Aroma threshold values

Detection: 10 ppb to 9.5 ppm; aroma characteristics at 10 ppm: acidic pungent, dairy buttery and cheesy with fruity undertones.

Taste threshold values

Taste characteristics at 15 ppm: acidic, sour dairy, creamy, cheese, cultured dairy nuance.

General Description

A colorless liquid with a light odor of rancid butter. Flash point 132°F. Density 7.9 lb / gal. Corrosive to metals and tissue.

Air & Water Reactions

Flammable. Water soluble

Reactivity Profile

Isobutyric acid corrodes aluminum and other metals. Flammable hydrogen gas may accumulate in enclosed spaces in which this reaction has taken place [USCG, 1999].

Hazard

Toxic by ingestion, strong irritant to tissue.

Health Hazard

Inhalation causes irritation of nose and throat. Ingestion causes irritation of mouth and stomach. Contact with eyes or skin causes irritation.

Fire Hazard

Flammable/combustible material. May be ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water.

Purification Methods

Distil the acid from KMnO4, then redistil it from P2O5. [Beilstein 2 H 288, 2 I 126, 2 II 257, 2 III 637, 2 IV 843.]

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Isobutyric acidSupplierMore

Jinan Century Tongda Chemical Co., Ltd. Gold
Tel:
0531-58051019-
Email:
3350933950@qq.com;
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Product Name:Isobutyric acid
CAS:79-31-2
Purity:99.5%
Yangzhou Huayang Chemical Auxiliary Co., Ltd. Gold
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Email:
229902609@qq.com
Products Intro:
Product Name:Isobutyric acid
CAS:79-31-2
Purity:99%
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD.
Tel:
010-82848833- ;010-82848833-
Email:
jkinfo@jkchemical.com;market6@jkchemical.com
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Product Name:Isobutyric acid, 99%
CAS:79-31-2
Purity:99% Package:500ML
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd.
Tel:
21-61259100-
Email:
sh@meryer.com
Products Intro:
Product Name:Isobutyric acid
CAS:79-31-2
Purity:98% Package:500g Remarks:AAA124950
3B Pharmachem (Wuhan) International Co.,Ltd.
Tel:
821-50328103-801
Email:
3bsc@sina.com
Products Intro:
Product Name:Isobutyric acid
CAS:79-31-2
Purity:99% HPLC Package:1Mg ; 5Mg;10Mg ;100Mg;250Mg ;500Mg ;1g;2.5g ;5g ;10g
Basic information Chemical properties Uses Content analysis Toxicity Use limits Standard for Maximum Allowable Amount Production method Hazards & Safety Information Safety Related Supplier